Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting with the devotional portraits of four Jerusalem Pilgrims kneeling at the Crypt of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 641
Name Memorial painting with the devotional portraits of four Jerusalem Pilgrims kneeling at the Crypt of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing devotional portraits, inscriptions and heraldic shields
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Amsterdam area, artist from the
Original institution(s)
Original institution [928] Jeruzalembroederschap (Jerusalem Confraternity), Amsterdam
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Two of the portrayed pilgrims (Jan Benningh and Jacob Heyn) lived in Amsterdam and were probably members of the confraternity
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation The painting may have been placed in the chapel of the Amsterdam Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims, named the Jerusalem Chapel. This chapel was located inside St Olof's Chapel in Amsterdam.
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • historical
  • social
Specification
Additional remarks • For social function, see Commemorated party. • The inscription and/or decoration refer to historical fact(s), i.e. a pilgrimage to the Holy Land. • Given its size, the painting may have functioned as an altarpiece.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name four Jerusalem Pilgrims
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1250] Wouter van Hoogesteijn (Wouter van Hogesteyn) (male)
  • [1252] Meijnnert Willemsz. (Meindert Willemsz.) (male)
  • [1249] Jan Benninck (Jan Benningh Gerritsz.) (male)
  • [1251] Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons members of a corporation/confraternity
Relation specification The four men went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem together. Jan Benningh and Jacob Heyn were family members. They lived in Amsterdam and probably were members of the Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims in that town. It is unclear whether the other two men also belonged to this or another Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims.
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 79 x 212 x 0
Completeness The frame is original but has been repainted
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Catalogue Museum Catharijneconvent, Utrecht (Utrecht 2002)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Berg, A. van den, Stageverslag Technisch onderzoek van memorietafels Museum Catharijneconvent ( 1995)
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 166-167
  • Dirkse, P.P.W.M.; Smits, A.E.A.M.; Dijkstra, J., De schilderijen van Museum Catharijneconvent (Utrecht 2002), 136-137
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://staticweb.hum.uu.nl/memo/jerusalem/pages/01.shtml
  • Timmers, J.J.M.; Jonge, C.H. de, Catalogus schilderijen Aartsbisschoppelijk Museum Utrecht (Utrecht 1948), 115-116
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [641] Memorial painting with the devotional portraits of four Jerusalem Pilgrims kneeling at the Crypt of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Devotional portraits of four Jerusalem Pilgrims kneeling at the Crypt of the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem with inscriptions and six heraldic shields
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 79 x 212 x 0
Date
Year ca.1520
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification The pilgrimage to the Holy Land took place in the year 1519, as is evident from the inscription on the frame. The painting was probably made shortly after the return of the four pilgrims.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Museum Catharijneconvent
Collection
Collection identifier ABM s104
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Amsterdam area, artist from the
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the left
Portrait of
Name Jan Benninck (Jan Benningh Gerritsz.)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black cloak
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the left
Portrait of
Name Wouter van Hoogesteijn (Wouter van Hogesteyn)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description black cloak worn over a white habit
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The man has a tonsure. He was a Dominican priest who went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the right
Portrait of
Name Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black cloak
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the right
Portrait of
Name Meijnnert Willemsz. (Meindert Willemsz.)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black cloak
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry first shield from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In gold a black cross moline, in the heart a gold rose - (In goud een zwart ankerkruis middenop beladen met een gouden roos)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Benningh
Person details
Person details
  • [1249] Jan Benninck (Jan Benningh Gerritsz.) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry second shield from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale I: in silver a red tower on a black (?) base; II: in gold a black fess between three red lozenges (2-1) - (Gedeeld I: in zilver een rode toren op een zwarte (?) grond; II: in goud een zwarte dwarsbalk vergezeld van drie rode ruiten (2-1))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Hogesteyn
Person details
Person details
  • [1250] Wouter van Hoogesteijn (Wouter van Hogesteyn) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry third shield from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a red Jerusalem Cross - (In zilver een rood Jeruzalemskruis)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry first shield from the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In green a black mark - (In groen een zwart merk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.)
Person details
Person details
  • [1251] Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry second shield from the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per fess A: per pale 1: in green (?) a black cramp-iron; 2: in silver a red capital R; B: in red (?) a black clover leaf, between two addorsed silver crescents, in middle point a gold wreath - (Doorsneden A: gedeeld 1: in groen (?) een zwart muuranker; 2: in zilver een rode hoofdletter R; B: in rood (?) een zwart klaverblad, vergezeld van twee afgewende zilveren halve manen, in het midden van het schild een gouden krans)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Willems
Person details
Person details
  • [1252] Meijnnert Willemsz. (Meindert Willemsz.) (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry third shield from the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Heraldry of corporations (cities, guilds, confraternities, companies)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a red Jerusalem Cross - (In zilver een rood Jeruzalemskruis)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Guige or band
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the frame
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer ons Heeren XVc ende XIX waren tesamen te Jerusalem broeder Wouter van Hoogesteijn, Jan Benninck, Jacop Heijn ende Meijnnert Willems zoon. God heb lof.
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1500 and 19 were together in Jerusalem brother Wouter van Hogesteyn, Jan Benningh, Jacob Heyn en Meindert Wilemsz. God be praised.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [1250] Wouter van Hoogesteijn (Wouter van Hogesteyn) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Name [1251] Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Name [1249] Jan Benninck (Jan Benningh Gerritsz.) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Name [1252] Meijnnert Willemsz. (Meindert Willemsz.) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks God is probably praised for the safe return of the four pilgrims from the Holy Land
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower section of the image, below the tiled floor
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Dit is die figuer vant Bethlahem van binnen daer God in gheboren is.
Translation
English translation This is the image of Bethlehem in which God was born.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1249
Personal details
Name Jan Benninck (Jan Benningh Gerritsz.)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1537
Additional remarks He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1519
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification alderman of Amsterdam (1531)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1250
Personal details
Name Wouter van Hoogesteijn (Wouter van Hogesteyn)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1519
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Dominican
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy (parish or chantry) priest
Specification ordained as a priest on 29 May 1507 in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1251
Personal details
Name Jacop Heijn (Jacob Heyn Fransz.)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Son of Frans Claas Heinensz. He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1519 and lived in Amsterdam.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1252
Personal details
Name Meijnnert Willemsz. (Meindert Willemsz.)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks He went on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land in 1519
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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