Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 645
Name Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing the Last Supper with devotional portraits, heraldic shields and saints
Remarks about category Triptych: the composition of the central panel (partially) continues into the interior wings
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Guelders, artist from
Original institution(s)
Original institution [134] Nieuwlicht, Kartuizers (Bloemendaal) (Nieuwlicht Monastery, Carthusians (Bloemendaal)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification members of the Pauw and Sas families were buried here; relation of the portrayed person(s) with the institution
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • on an altar
  • in the church
Argumentation The triptych was probably placed on the Martyrs Altar, against the rood screen. Gijsbert Pauw, the father of two of the portrayed Carthusians, was buried in front of this altar.
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks • Commemorated on the object are members of a nuclear or extended family: see Commemorated party. • No information is available about possible other functions: memorial text(s) may be missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name members of the Pauw and Sas families
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1263] Jacob Pauw (male)
  • [4832] Vincent Pauw (male)
  • [1264] Petrus Sas (male)
  • [1265] Digna Sas (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification Digna Sas was the aunt of the three men: Petrus Sas was the son of her brother Gerrit, Jacob and Vincent Pauw were sons of Digna’s sister Adriana. In literature it has also been suggested that in stead of Digna Sas her sister Adriana could have been depicted.
Additional remarks
Name members of the Pauw and Sas families
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a family
Specification Several members of the families Pauw and Sas have been mentioned as possible commissioners of the painting, see De Weijert-Gutman, 180-187.
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness The triptych may have had a memorial text and heraldry on the frame(s) and/or a separate text panel. The frames are original, but the polychromy may be the result of a later restoration.
Condition
Conservation • The fronts and backs of the wings were separated somewhere between 1939 and 1946. In this way, both sides of the wings could be shown next to each other, making the triptych a pentaptych. The four wing panels were cradled and the exterior wings were given a new frame. • Restoration of 1958: cradling removed, panels retouched and varnished. Furthermore, the wing panels were transferred to plywood. • In 2011-2012, the work was restored once again, during which the sawn wing panels were rejoined.
Technical research
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
  • X-ray
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks Infrared reflectography has shown that originally only the portraits of Petrus Sas and Digna Sas were included in the underdrawing
Provenance
Provenance Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht, Utrecht (1521-1578?); J. Goudstikker, Amsterdam (1925-1939); sold to Germany (1940-1945); recuperated, Stichting Nederlands Kunstbezit, Amsterdam/The Hague (1945-1946); managed by the 'Dienst voor 's Rijks verspreide Kunstvoorwerpen' (DRVK, now ICN), The Hague; on loan to the Centraal Museum, Utrecht (1948-2006); collection of the heirs of J. Goudstikker (2006-2010); auction Christie's London, cat. no. 35 (2007/07/05), unsold; United States, part of the exhibition 'Reclaimed. Paintings from the Collection of Jacques Goudstikker' (2008-2010); acquired by the Stichting Van Baaren Museum, Utrecht (2010); on loan to the Centraal Museum, Utrecht (2010- )
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Defoer, H.L.M., Een drieluik van de kartuizers, Utrechts cultureel erfgoed van nationaal belang, http://www.defoer.nl/Kunstgeschiedenis/Het%20drieluik%20van%20de%20kartuizers%20met%20het%20laatste%20avondmaal.pdf, 1-13
  • Defoer, H.L.M., The Triptych of the Pauw-Sas Family from the Utrecht Charterhouse, in: Weijert, Rolf de; Ragetli, Kim; Bijsterveld, Arnoud-Jan A. van; Arenthals, Jeannette van (eds), Living Memoria. Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Memorial Culture in Honour of Truus van Bueren (Hilversum 2011), 321-332
  • Hasselt, L. van, Necrologium van het karthuizerklooster Nieuwlicht of Bloemendaal buiten Utrecht, Bijdragen en Mededelingen van het Historisch Genootschap 9 (1886), 126-392, 126-392
  • Helmus, L.M., Schilderkunst tot 1850. De verzamelingen van het Centraal Museum Utrecht 5 (Utrecht 1999), 1610-1612
  • Helmus, L.M.; Faries, M.; Tamis, D., Catalogue of Paintings, 1363-1600. Centraal Museum Utrecht (Utrecht 2011), 348-354; cat. no. 48
  • Jonge, C.H. de, Catalogus der schilderijen Centraal Museum Utrecht (Utrecht 1952), 134-135
  • Luttervelt, R. van, Twee Utrechtsche primitieven (Johannes van Huemen?), Oud Holland 62 (1947), 107-122, 107-122
  • Scholtens, H.J.J., Kunstwerken in het Utrechtse Kartuizerklooster. Nogmaals: de kloosterkerk van Nieuwlicht en het drieluik van de H.H. Martelaren (1521), Oud Holland 67 (1952), 157-166, 157-166
  • Weijert-Gutman, Rolf de, Schenken, begraven, gedenken. Lekenmemoria in het Utrechtse kartuizerklooster Nieuwlicht (1391-1580) (Utrecht 2015), 180-187
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • In 1947, R. van Luttervelt was able to identify the portrayed persons on the basis of their clothes, the heraldic shields depicted on the triptych and the mentioning of members of the Pauw and Sas families in the necrology of Nieuwlicht. • Defoer suspects that the artist of the work had connections with Guelders/the Eastern Netherlands, based on stylistic analysis.

Exterior left wing of triptych of [645] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description St Nicholas
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 39 x 0
Date
Year ca.1521
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Jacob Pauw is represented as a novice. He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in February 1520 and was professed in February 1521: the triptych must have been made somewhere during that year.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 31199
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks St Nicholas is depicted with his attributes: mitre, crosier, cope and three children in a barrel

Interior right wing of triptych of [645] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of Digna Sas with SS George and St John the Evangelist; Christ Carrying the Cross (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 39 x 0
Date
Year ca.1521
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Jacob Pauw is represented as a novice. He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in February 1520 and was professed in February 1521: the triptych must have been made somewhere during that year.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 31199
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Central panel of triptych (front) of [645] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Last Supper and two heraldic shields; Christ Washing the Feet of the Apostles (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 97 x 0
Date
Year ca.1521
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Jacob Pauw is represented as a novice. He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in February 1520 and was professed in February 1521: the triptych must have been made somewhere during that year.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 31199
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior left wing of triptych of [645] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portraits of Petrus Sas, Vincent Pauw and Jacob Pauw with SS Vincent and Sebastian; The Agony in the Garden (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 39 x 0
Date
Year ca.1521
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Jacob Pauw is represented as a novice. He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in February 1520 and was professed in February 1521: the triptych must have been made somewhere during that year.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 31199
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior right wing of triptych of [645] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Last Supper and the devotional portraits of the Pauw and Sas families

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description St Catherine of Alexandria
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 150 x 39 x 0
Date
Year ca.1521
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Jacob Pauw is represented as a novice. He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in February 1520 and was professed in February 1521: the triptych must have been made somewhere during that year.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 31199
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks St Catherine of Alexandria is depicted with her attributes: broken wheel, emperor Maxentius, sword and book

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name Digna Sas
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification genealogical research; heraldic shields
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description black veil, white guimpe and white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Although Digna Sas is depicted as a nun, there is no evidence that she had actually entered a convent. Historical records describe her as being a pious woman ("vrome vrouw"). She was buried in Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht, which only housed men. This makes it less plausible that she was a nun: she would then have been buried in her 'own' convent.
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first or second person from the right
Portrait of
Name Petrus Sas
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification document(s); heraldic shields
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description light-coloured scapular worn over a habit of the same colour
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Petrus Sas was prior of Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht (1525-1540)
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first or second person from the right
Portrait of
Name Vincent Pauw
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification document(s); heraldic shields
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description light-coloured scapular worn over a habit of the same colour
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Vincent Pauw was a monk at Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait third person from the right
Portrait of
Name Jacob Pauw
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification document(s); heraldic shields
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description light-coloured habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Jacob Pauw is depicted as a novice: unlike the two other men, he does not wear a scapular, beard or tonsure

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry niche in the upper right corner: shield on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver three [colour] buckles (2-1) - (In zilver drie [kleur] gespen (2-1))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry niche in the upper right corner: shield on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Barry of eight gold and black, over all a bend checky silver and red - (Gedwarsbalkt van acht stukken van goud en zwart, over alles heen een schuinbalk geschaakt van zilver en rood)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sas
Person details
Person details
  • [1264] Petrus Sas (male)
  • [1265] Digna Sas (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name John the Evangelist
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • liturgical tools
Specification poisoned chalice
Gesture
  • blessing gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Second saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name George
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of nobility/soldiers
Specification suit of armour; sword; lance with banner
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Vincent Ferrer
Sex male
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification name saint of Vincent Pauw
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
Specification fire or meat hook; dalmatic
Gesture
  • pointing to a commemorated person
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Second saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Sebastian
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
Specification arrows
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1263
Personal details
Name Jacob Pauw
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1494
Year/date of death 1545/12/29
Additional remarks Son of Adriana Sas and Gijsbert Pauw. Brother of Vincent and Emmerentiana Pauw. Nephew of Digna Sas. Cousin of Petrus Sas. He was buried in Carthusian monastery Monnikhuizen near Arnhem.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Carthusian
Specification He entered Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht in February 1520 and was professed as a lay brother (converse brother) in February 1521. Later on, he was sent to Carthusian monastery Monnikhuizen near Arnhem.
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1264
Personal details
Name Petrus Sas
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1540
Additional remarks Also known as Peter or Pieter Sas. Son of Gerrit Sas and Agatha. Nephew of Digna Sas. Cousin of Jacob and Vincent Pauw. He died from the effects of an epidemic.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Carthusian
Specification Carthusian monk: he entered the order in 1512, was ordained as a priest in 1516 and was prior of monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht in the period 1525-1540.
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1265
Personal details
Name Digna Sas
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death ca.1515
Additional remarks Daughter of Gijsbert Sas and Jacoba van Stoutenberg Cluetinc. Aunt of Vincent Pauw, Jacob Pauw and Petrus Sas. She remained unmarried and was buried in Carthusian monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4832
Personal details
Name Vincent Pauw
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1538
Additional remarks Son of Adriana Sas and Gijsbert Pauw. Brother of Jacob and Emmerentiana Pauw. Nephew of Digna Sas. Cousin of Petrus Sas.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Carthusian
Specification Professed Carthusian monk at monastery Nieuwlicht in Utrecht. Later on, he was procurator of the Carthusian monastery in Kampen.
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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