Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 668
Name Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Triptych
Short description Triptych showing the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits, inscriptions, heraldic shields and saints
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1550-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Deys, Jan
  • Scorel, Jan van - and workshop
Original institution(s)
Original institution [42] Grote of St. Barbarakerk (St Barbara's Church), Culemborg
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Possible original institution: Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer was a canon at this church; depiction of St Barbara in the painting
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family: see Commemorated party
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name members of the De Visscher van der Gheer family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1353] Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer (male)
  • [1354] Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer (female)
  • [1350] Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family (of which one or more members died after 1580)
Relation specification brothers and sister
Additional remarks
Name Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [1353] Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party consisted of one or more members of the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks Around 1555 the central panel was commissioned, possibly on the occasion of the appointment of Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer as a canon. The wings and predella were added around 1570.
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness The wings still have their original frames
Condition
Conservation Restorations executed in 1835, 1929, 1964, 2003-2005 (central panel) and 2005-2007 (wings)
Technical research
  • X-ray
  • dating by dendrochronology
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The frame, wings and predella were added to the central panel around 1570
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Catalogue Centraal Museum (Utrecht 2011)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bueren, T. van, Het belang van tellen. Kwantitatief onderzoek naar middeleeuwse kunstwerken, Article 9 (2012), 14-18, 14-15
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 107, 277; 107: note 17
  • Filedt Kok, J.P.; Halsema-Kubes, W.; Kloek, W.Th., Kunst voor de beeldenstorm: Noordnederlandse kunst, 1525-1580, vol. II (The Hague 1986), 431-433
  • Helmus, L.M., Schilderen in opdracht. Noord-Nederlandse contracten voor altaarstukken 1485-1570 (Utrecht 2010), 268-269
  • Helmus, L.M., Schilderkunst tot 1850. De verzamelingen van het Centraal Museum Utrecht 5 (Utrecht 1999), 1396-1399
  • Helmus, L.M.; Faries, M.; Tamis, D., Catalogue of Paintings, 1363-1600. Centraal Museum Utrecht (Utrecht 2011), 270-276; cat. no. 34
  • Kuys, J., Repertorium van collegiale kapittels in het middeleeuwse bisdom Utrecht (Hilversum 2014), 64
  • Muller Fz., S., De schilderijen van Jan van Scorel in het Museum Kunstliefde te Utrecht (Utrecht 1880), 3-8
  • Vries, de; Bredius, A., Catalogus der schilderijen in het Museum Kunstliefde te Utrecht (Utrecht 1885); cat. no. 6
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer most probably took the triptych with him when he left Culemborg for Utrecht midway the 1570s. • Until 1986, the persons depicted in the interior wings were erroneously identified as Adriaan and Barbara, based on the names of their patron saints.

Interior right wing of triptych of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer with St Barbara
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 107 x 31 x 0
Date
Year ca.1570
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior left wing of triptych of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Half of an oval strapwork cartouche with bulrushes and inscription, and a heraldic shield at the top
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 107 x 31 x 0
Date
Year ca.1570
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation See also 'Floor slab of Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer and his ancestors' and the set of three liturgical vestments commemorating Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer, MeMO Memorial Object IDs 3754 and 3902-3904. The slab and vestments feature the same motto ('Flectimur non frangimur undis') and emblem (bulrushes) as this triptych.
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior left wing of triptych of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Devotional portrait of Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer with St Adrian
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 107 x 31 x 0
Date
Year ca.1570
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Lower level of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Short description
Short description Predella with inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 19 x 95 x 0
Date
Year ca.1570
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification based on stylistic analysis of the central panel and wings
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Central panel of triptych (front) of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Short description
Short description Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer, inscription and heraldic shield
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 99 x 73 x 0
Date
Year ca.1555
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer was appointed as canon in 1556; stylistic analysis
Additional remarks Dating by dendrochronology: panel usable from 1528 or 1536
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Identity
Name Scorel, Jan van - and workshop
Attribution
Specification The name of Jan van Scorel is mentioned in the inscription on the predella
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Compare this panel to the 'Virgin and Child with devotional portrait of a canon', MeMO Memorial Object ID 653: the two paintings are strikingly similar with regard to composition and iconography
Additional remarks
Additional remarks From the religious scene and the text on the predella one can gather that the commemorated persons had a special veneration for Christ and the Virgin

Exterior right wing of triptych of [668] Memorial painting (triptych) with the Virgin and Child and the devotional portraits of the De Visscher van der Gheer family

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Short description
Short description Half of an oval strapwork cartouche with bulrushes and inscription, and a heraldic shield at the top
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 107 x 31 x 0
Date
Year ca.1570
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Centraal Museum
Collection
Collection identifier 2375
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Deys, Jan
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation See also 'Floor slab of Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer and his ancestors', MeMO Memorial Object ID 3754. The slab features the same motto ('Flectimur non frangimur undis') and emblem (bulrushes) as this triptych.
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description white habit and veil
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification rosary of red coral
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer was a sister of the Third Order of St Francis
Indication of part
Indication of part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description white habit, white cloak, white beret on the ground
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer was a Premonstratensian (Norbertine)
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right
Portrait of
Name Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb worn over a purple cassock, red beret on the ground
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification fur almuce hanging over his left forearm
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer was a canon. His portrait is larger than the portraits on the interior wings.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Girony of blue and gold (Gegeerd van blauw en goud)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to De Visscher van der Gheer
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the frame, upper left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield Girony of blue and gold with a red escutcheon (Gegeerd van blauw en goud met een rood hartschildje)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to De Visscher van der Gheer + added escutcheon = Oud Vlaanderen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the frame, lower left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield In gold eight black fleurs-de-lis in orle, 3-2-3, with a red escutcheon (In goud acht zwarte lelies, zoomsgewijs geplaatst, 3-2-3, met een rood hartschild)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Jutphaas (van Blockhoven)
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the frame, upper right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly, I and IV: in gold three red zules, 2-1; II and III: in silver a black lion (Gevierendeeld, I en IV: in goud drie rode zuilen, 2-1; II en III: in zilver een zwarte leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Culemborch
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry on the frame, lower right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield No shield depicted
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks According to Muller (1880), the missing fourth quarter is an indication that the mother of the three De Visscher van der Gheer siblings was an illegitimate daughter from the House of Culemborch.
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing of triptych
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly, I and IV: in gold three red zules, 2-1; II and III: in silver a black lion (Gevierendeeld, I en IV: in goud drie rode zuilen, 2-1; II en III: in zilver een zwarte leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Culemborch
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior left wing of triptych
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in the cartouche on the exterior wings
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Flectimur non frangimur undis.
Translation
English translation We are bent but not broken by the waves.
Dutch translation Door de golven worden wij gebogen, niet gebroken.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Motto of the De Visscher van der Gheer family. It is illustrated by the bulrushes.
Indication of part
Indication of part Lower level
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription across the predella
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Hic soror et duo sunt soboles Visscheria fratres, / quos Christo et Matri regula sacra ligat. / Hos bonus expressit tanta Schorelius arte, / nobilis ut credi posset Apellis opus.
Translation
English translation One sees here a sister and two brothers, progeny of De Visscher, bound to Christ and his Mother by a sacred rule. The excellent Scorel has portrayed them with his art such that one can well believe it could be a work by the noble Apelles.
Dutch translation Hier ziet men een zuster en twee broers, kroost van De Visscher, verbonden met Christus en zijn Moeder door een heilige regel. De voortreffelijke Scorel gaf ze met zijn kunst zo weer dat men zou geloven dat het een werk van de edele Apelles zou kunnen zijn.
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [1350] Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Name [1354] Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer (female)
Sex female
Argumentation
Name [1353] Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Distichs
Indication of part
Indication of part Central panel of triptych (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the frame
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription O mater Dei, memento mei.
Translation
English translation O Mother of God, remember me.
Dutch translation O moeder Gods, gedenk mij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to the Virgin

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior right wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Barbara
Sex female
Type of saint
  • religious institution
Specification St Barbara was the patron saint of the chapter church of Culemborg. Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer was a canon at this church.
Attributes
  • flowers/plants/trees (parts/products of)
  • building constructions (parts of)
Specification palm branch; tower
Gesture
  • hand on the shoulder or back of a commemorated person
  • pointing to central scene
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Interior left wing of triptych
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Adrian
Sex male
Type of saint
  • religious institution
Specification St Adrian was highly venerated at the Norbertine abbey of Mariënweerd near Culemborg. Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer had entered this convent.
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of nobility/soldiers
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
Specification suit of armour; sword; anvil
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1350
Personal details
Name Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1535
Year/date of death 1606
Additional remarks Son of Peter de Visscher, a stained-glass artist in Culemborg. The mother of Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer was a member of an illegitimate branch of the Van Culemborch family. Erasmus was a brother of Cornelia and Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Premonstratensian (Norbertine)
Specification Premonstratensian (Norbertine) monk at Mariënweerd Abbey near Culemborg
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy (parish or chantry) priest
Specification priest in Rhenoy
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1353
Personal details
Name Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1527
Year/date of death 1591/03/04
Additional remarks Alleged descendant of Guido van Vlaanderen, lord of Richebourg, and lady Beatrice van Putten. Son of Peter de Visscher, a stained-glass artist in Culemborg. The mother of Johannes de Visscher van der Gheer was a member of an illegitimate branch of the Van Culemborch family. Johannes was a brother of Erasmus and Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer. He commissioned a triptych and three liturgical vestments. In 1581, Johannes had his heraldic shields added to a Missale Trajectense from 1515 (now in the British Library). He was buried in the Nicolaïkerk/Klaaskerk (St Nicholas's Church) in Utrecht. His floor slab, triptych, vestments and missal all feature(d) his motto ('Flectimur non frangimur undis'), emblem (bulrushes) and heraldic shields.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification First mentioned as canon of the Grote- of Barbarakerk (St Barbara's Church) in Culemborg in 1556. Johannes gave up his prebend in 1575, after which he left Culemborg for Utrecht. Mentioned as chantry priest of the Janskerk (St John's Church) in Utrecht in 1581.
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1354
Personal details
Name Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1595
Additional remarks Daughter of Peter de Visscher, a stained-glass artist in Culemborg. The mother of Cornelia de Visscher van der Gheer was a member of an illegitimate branch of the Van Culemborch family. Cornelia was a sister of Johannes and Erasmus de Visscher van der Gheer.
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Tertiaries
Specification sister of the Third Order of St Francis at Mariënkroon Convent in Culemborg
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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