Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial wall painting with St Bavo and the devotional portrait of a man

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 682
Name Memorial wall painting with St Bavo and the devotional portrait of a man
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (wall painting)
Short description Wall painting (on a pillar) showing St Bavo with devotional portrait and illegible inscription
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1400-1450
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [27] St. Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk) (St Walpurga's Church), Zutphen
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
  • on a pillar
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The painting has always been located on one of the northern choir pillars
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks No information is available about possible other functions: the painting is damaged and the inscription is illegible. Furthermore, memorial text(s) may be missing, see Inscriptions.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1482] unknown man (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification paint on a stone pillar
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness
Condition Damaged and faded. The inscription is illegible.
Conservation Whitewashed in the late 16th century and uncovered three centuries later, during the restoration of the church. Heavily restored and retouched: it is unclear which parts of the painting are still original. According to Hoogewerff (1936), the open book at St Bavo's feet is the result of a restoration: it would originally have depicted a cart, one of the saint's attributes.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The pillar painting has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Hoogewerff, G.J., De Noord-Nederlandse schilderkunst, vol. I (The Hague 1936), 208-211; figure 91
  • Kuile, E.H. ter, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst III. De provincie Gelderland, 2e stuk: Het kwartier van Zutfen (The Hague 1958), 232; no. 18
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The portrayed person is kneeling before St Bavo, who wears an ermine cloak and holds a sword

Single piece (front) of [682] Memorial wall painting with St Bavo and the devotional portrait of a man

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description St Bavo with the devotional portrait of a man and an illegible inscription
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1400-1450
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The painting is located on one of the northern choir pillars
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
Specification attribute(s) no longer recognizable (work is damaged/faded)
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on a banderole near the portrait
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The banderole may originally have been inscribed with a request for prayer. The inscription is now badly faded and illegible.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1482
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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