Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial wall painting with the Virgin and Child amidst Saints and the devotional portraits of three unknown persons

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 685
Name Memorial wall painting with the Virgin and Child amidst Saints and the devotional portraits of three unknown persons
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (wall painting)
Short description Wall painting showing the Virgin and Child with devotional portraits, inscriptions and saints
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1400-1450
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [27] St. Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk) (St Walpurga's Church), Zutphen
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The painting has always been located in the seventh chapel of the ambulatory (seen from the south), on the west wall
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks • For social function, see Commemorated party. • No information is available about possible other functions: the painting is badly damaged and some of the inscriptions are (partly) illegible.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1487] [...] ter Poerten (?) (male)
  • [1486] unknown person (unknown)
  • [1485] unknown person (unknown)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons relation (type of relation unknown)
Relation specification
Additional remarks The wall painting now shows the fragments of two devotional portraits. From the banderole and scroll flanking St Jerome we can gather that a third devotional portrait was originally depicted in front of the saint.
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification paint on a stone wall
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: the lower section of the wall painting is lost
Condition Damaged and faded. The inscriptions are hard to read.
Conservation Whitewashed in the late 16th century and uncovered in 1901 during the restoration of the church. Heavily restored and retouched.
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The wall painting has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Kuile, E.H. ter, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst III. De provincie Gelderland, 2e stuk: Het kwartier van Zutfen (The Hague 1958), 233; no. 27
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [685] Memorial wall painting with the Virgin and Child amidst Saints and the devotional portraits of three unknown persons

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Virgin and Child with the devotional portraits of three unknown persons, five inscriptions, and SS Paul, James the Greater and Jerome
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year ca.1425
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Zutphen, Walburgiskerk (Walburgkerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The painting is located in the seventh chapel of the ambulatory (seen from the south), on the west wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first person from the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown person
Sex unknown
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The lower half of the portrait is lost
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait second person from the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown person
Sex unknown
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The lower half of the portrait is lost
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lost: originally right of centre (foreground)
Portrait of
Name [...] ter Poerten (?)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person cannot be determined
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrait is lost, only the banderole issuing from the mouth of the portrayed person remains. The memorial text on the scroll in the upper right corner informs the viewer that the portrayed person was a canon.

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription banderole left of centre
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Sancta Virgo Maria, mater Dei, ora pro me.
Translation
English translation Holy Virgin Mary, mother of God, pray for me.
Dutch translation Heilige Maagd Maria, moeder Gods, bid voor mij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Plea to the Virgin
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription banderole right of centre
Language(s)
Languages
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription is badly faded and illegible
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription scroll at the upper left, first from the left
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer (ons heren M) CCCC ende V sterf [...]. Bit voer die si(ele).
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1400 and 5 died [...]. Pray for the soul.
Dutch translation In het jaar ons Heren 1400 en 5 stierf [...]. Bid voor de ziel.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [1485] unknown person (unknown)
Sex unknown
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s). • Before the restoration, one could only read the words that are not in parentheses.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription scroll at the upper left, second from the left
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int iaer ons Heren M [...] op den dach [...]/ apostelorum doe sterf hee[.] [...]/ [...], die hier begraven [...]/ voer die ziele.
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord M [...] on the day [...]/ apostle(s) died [...] [...]/ [...], who [is] buried here [...]/ for the soul.
Dutch translation In het jaar ons Heren M [...] op de dag [...]/ apostel(en) stierf hee[.] [...]/ [...], die hier begraven [...]/ voor de ziel.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s)
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription scroll at the upper right
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini M CCCC XXXII in profesto Petri ad Cathedram obiit dominus [...] ter Poerten, canonicus [...]
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1432, on the day before St Peter's Day ad Cathedram died sir [...] ter Poerten, canon [..]
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1432, op de dag voor Pietersstoel stierf heer [...] ter Poerten, kanunnik [...]
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [1487] [...] ter Poerten (?) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text. • St Peter's Day ad Cathedram (Antiochiae) is celebrated 22 February. The year 1432 can also be read on a photo dating from before the restoration. It is uncertain whether the restorer has read the name 'Ter Poerten' correct.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Paul
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. book)
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
Specification sword/dagger; closed book
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The identification of this saint is uncertain
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Second saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name James the Greater
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of pilgrims/travellers
Specification scallop shell hanging from a pilgrim's staff
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
  • hand on the head of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Jerome (Hieronymus)
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
Specification cardinal's hat; cross staff
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1485
Personal details
Name unknown person
Sex unknown
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1405
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1486
Personal details
Name unknown person
Sex unknown
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1487
Personal details
Name [...] ter Poerten (?)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1432
Additional remarks The name is uncertain; the inscription mentioning the name has been restored
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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