Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 7
Name Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with the effigy of a knight, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with heraldic shields in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [63] St. Nicolaaskerk (Nicolaïkerk) (St Nicholas's Church (Nicolaïkerk)), Appingedam
Arguments
  • the institution/community is mentioned in the text
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Snelger Houwerda
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [7] Snelger Houwerda (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 238 x 109 x 0
Completeness Complete
Condition The upper half of the slab is worn
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Alma, Redmer, Groninger gedenkwaardigheden, http://www.redmeralma.nl; no. 270
  • Alma, Redmer, Portretzerken in Groningen, Groninger kerken 22 (2005), 105-108, 117-120; 106-107
  • Kroesen, Justin; Steensma, Regnerus, De Groninger cultuurschat - kerken van 1000 tot 1800 (Groningen/Assen 2008), 147-148
  • Ozinga, M.D., De Nederlandsche Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst; deel VI: De Provincie Groningen; eerste stuk: Oost-Groningen ('s Gravenhage 1940), 13; pl. VI-2
  • Pathuis, A., Groninger gedenkwaardigheden; teksten, wapens en huismerken van 1298-1814 (Assen/Amsterdam 1977), 97; no. 270
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 589-15
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [7] Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with the effigy of a knight, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with heraldic shields in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 238 x 109 x 0
Date
Year >1523
Specified date 15??/10/23
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
  • date of death given on the object
Specification Snelger Houwerda died after 1523
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the north chapel, placed vertically against the north wall
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre of the slab
Portrait of
Name Snelger Houwerda
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person
Argumentation
Specification
Posture uncertain/cannot be determined
Manner of portrayal folded hands and the head resting on a pillow, while the feet are firmly planted on the ground
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description armour with a plumet helmet and gauntlets at his feet
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
Specification a sword attached to his hip
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Snelger Houwerda is depicted as a knight

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper left corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a contourny lion (een omgewende leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Houwerda
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to the paternal grandfather
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower left corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a fleur-de-lys (een lelie)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Snelgersma
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to the paternal grandmother
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper right corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a reversed crescent with in base an eight-pointed star (een omgekeerde wassenaar, onder vergezeld van een achtpuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to the maternal grandfather
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower right corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield an eagle (een adelaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry referring to the maternal grandmother

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab and continuing across the top and bottom
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno domini M Vc [...] up dach Severini Episcopi starf die erbaer und erentfest Snelger Houwerda, hoevelinck then Dham w[iens] z[iele] G[od] w[il] g[enedich] s[yn].
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 15[..], on the feast day of bishop Severin, died the honourable and venerable Snelger Houwerda, chieftain in Appingedam, on whose soul God have mercy.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 15[..], op de feestdag van bisschop Severinus, stierf de eerbare en achtbare Snelger Houwerda, hoveling te Appingedam, wiens ziel God genadig zij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [7] Snelger Houwerda (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The feast day of bishop Severin of Cologne is October 23. In literature, the worn part containing the year of death has been given as: 'twintich [...]' (twenty [...]) and as 'und [...]' (and [...]).

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Gothic tracery around the head of the effigy
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7
Personal details
Name Snelger Houwerda
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1465
Year/date of death >1523
Additional remarks Son of Menne Houwerda and N.N. Snelger was married to a member of the Bolta family. He was still alive on 6 November 1523. According to the inscription on his slab, Snelger died on 23 October which implies he must have died after 1523.
Social standing
Status nobility and patriciate
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification chieftain ('hoofdeling') in Appingedam (1508-1523); bailiff ('drost') in Oterdum (1510-1511)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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