Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 7
Name Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with a sculpted male effigy, an inscription along the edge (partially double) and medallions with heraldry in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [63] St. Nicolaaskerk (Nicolaïkerk) (St Nicholas's Church (Nicolaïkerk)), Appingedam
Arguments
  • the institution/community is mentioned in the text
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification Snelger Houwerda was an official in Ten Dam (now: Appingedam). There are three slabs left in the church of Appingedam belonging to persons with the name Snelger Houwerda (MeMO Memorial IDs 7, 3030 and 3032).
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? unknown
(Probable) original location
  • in the church/chapel (exact location unknown)
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious; no information on possible other functions
Grave findings
Additional remarks no information is available about possible other functions, because the object is too damaged or no photograph is available
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Snelger Houwerda
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [7] Snelger Houwerda (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification Sandstone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 238 x 109 x 0
Completeness
Condition Parts of the inscription are worn away
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Alma, Redmer, Groninger gedenkwaardigheden, http://www.redmeralma.nl; 270
  • Alma, Redmer, Portretzerken in Groningen, Groninger kerken 22 (2005), 105-108, 117-120, 106-107
  • Ozinga, M.D., De Nederlandsche Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, deel VI De Provincie Groningen, eerste stuk: Oost-Groningen ('s Gravenhage 1940), 13, vi-1
  • Pathuis, A., Groninger gedenkwaardigheden; teksten, wapens en huismerken van 1298-1814 (Assen/Amsterdam 1977), 97; no. 270
  • Steensma, Regnerus; Kroesen, Justin, De Groninger cultuurschat - kerken van 1000 tot 1800 (Groningen/Assen 2008), 147
Other documentation
Inventory SKKN: church 589, object 15
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [7] Floor slab of Snelger Houwerda

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with a sculpted male effigy, an inscription along the edge (partially double) and medallions with heraldry in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 238 x 109 x 0
Date
Year ca.1523
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification Snelger Houwerda died around 1523
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Appingedam, Nicolaïkerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the north chapel
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait centre of the slab
Portrait of
Name Snelger Houwerda
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person
Argumentation
Specification
Posture recumbent
Manner of portrayal The head of Snelger is resting on a pillow
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description The man wears his armour, his helmet and metal gloves are resting at his feet
Attributes
Attributes
  • armour
  • sword
  • gloves
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a contoutny rampant animal (een omgewend klimmend dier)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Naar rechts klimmende leeuw (Houwerda)
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower left corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a fleur de lys (een lelie)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Snelgersma
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield a reversed crescent with in base an eight-pointed star (een omgekeerde wassenaar, onder vergezeld van een achtpuntige ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Omgekeerde wassenaar met achtpuntige ster (Popinge?)
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower right corner
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield an eagle (een adelaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along the edge (top and bottom double)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini [... (MD or MVc)], up dach Severini Episcopi, starf die erbaer und erentfest Snelger Houwerda, hoevelinck then [Dham], wiens ziele God wil genedich syn.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 15[...], on the feastday of bishop Severin, died the honourable and venerable Snelger Houwerda, official in Appingedam, on whose soul God have mercy.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 15[...], op de feestdag van bisschop Severinus, stierf de eerbare en achtbare Snelger Houwerda, hoveling te Appingedam, wiens ziel God genadig zij.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [7] Snelger Houwerda (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The feast of bishop Severin of Cologne is celebrated on October 23

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) Gothic tracery around the head of the effigy
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7
Personal details
Name Snelger Houwerda
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1523
Additional remarks Snelger Houwerda died circa 1523
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification He was a 'hoofdeling' (official) in Appingedam.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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