Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Crucifixion with devotional portrait of Hendrik van Rijn

Add extra information

MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 704
Name Crucifixion with devotional portrait of Hendrik van Rijn
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Royal Museum of Fine Arts)
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing the Crucifixion with devotional portrait, inscription and saint
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1350-1375
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Utrecht area, artist from the
Original institution(s)
Original institution [20] St. Janskerk (St John's Church), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification The portrayed person was canon, provost and archdeacon of this church
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • on an altar
Argumentation inscription
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The inscription informs the viewer that Hendrik van Rijn was "the founder of this altar" ("istius que altaris fundator"). According to Renger (1993), the altarpiece was placed on an altar which was dedicated to the Holy Virgin and the Holy Cross.
Memorial piece
Function
  • political
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting; altarpiece; commemorating a donation/foundation; political function
Change in function
Remarks about function arguments for functions: text on the painting; historical fact(s)
Name Henricus de Reno (Hendrik van Rijn)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1541] Henricus de Reno (Hendrik van Rijn) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the painting
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification tempera and gilt on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 148 x 145 x 0
Completeness Possibly (partly) original frame
Condition
Conservation Only two restorations recorded, which were executed in 1893 and 2008-2009
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance F.J. van Ertborn, Antwerp; bequeathed to the Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerp (1841); on loan to the Centraal Museum, Utrecht (since 2009)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bueren, T. van, Leven na de dood: gedenken in de late Middeleeuwen (Turnhout 1999), 81
  • Helmus, L.M., Schilderen in opdracht. Noord-Nederlandse contracten voor altaarstukken 1485-1570 (Utrecht 2010), 43-44
  • Helmus, L.M.; Faries, M.; Tamis, D., Catalogue of Paintings, 1363-1600. Centraal Museum Utrecht (Utrecht 2011), 309-312; no. 41
  • Renger, M.O., The Calvary of Hendrik van Rijn, Jaarboek Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen (1993), 9-45
  • Vandamme, E., Catalogus schilderkunst oude meesters: Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten Antwerpen, departement Oude Meesters (Antwerp 1988), 444
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The rampant lions that are punched into the gilded background and are depicted on the dalmatic of the portrayed person, are charges of the coat of arms of the Van Rijn family. In the 14th century the Van Rijn family probably replaced its original coat of arms with a coat of arms comprising three rampant lions, as a pledge of loyalty to the counts of Holland (see Van Bueren 1999, p. 81).

Single piece (front) of [704] Crucifixion with devotional portrait of Hendrik van Rijn

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion with devotional portrait of Hendrik van Rijn, inscription, the Virgin and St John the Evangelist
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 148 x 145 x 0
Date
Year ca.1363
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification year of death of Hendrik van Rijn
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Antwerp, Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten (Royal Museum of Fine Arts)
Collection
Collection identifier 519
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Utrecht area, artist from the
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait to the right of the cross
Portrait of
Name Henricus de Reno (Hendrik van Rijn)
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb worn under a red dalmatic displaying rampant lions (charges of the coat of arms of the Van Rijn family)
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification ermine almuce over his left shoulder
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was canon, archdeacon and provost of the Utrecht St. Janskerk (St John's Church)

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text fields at the bottom of the painting, flanking the skull
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini Mo CCCo LXIIIo in crastino Sancti Bonifacii et sociorum eius obiit dominus Henricus de Reno, huius ecclesie prepositus et archidiaconus istiusque altaris fundator. Orate pro eo.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1363 on the morrow of St Boniface and his companions, sir Hendrik van Rijn died, provost and archdeacon of this church and founder of this altar. Pray for him.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1363 daags na St. Bonifatius en diens lotgenoten, stierf heer Hendrik van Rijn, proost en aartsdeken van deze kerk en stichter van dit altaar. Bid voor hem.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [1541] Henricus de Reno (Hendrik van Rijn) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s)

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name John the Evangelist
Sex male
Type of saint
  • standard saint (e.g. Mary, John the Evangelist)
Specification St John the Evangelist and the Virgin are part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion. Here, St John the Evangelist also acts as the patron saint of the portrayed person, as can be deduced from the saint’s hand gesture.
Attributes
Specification
Gesture
  • hand on the head of a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1541
Personal details
Name Henricus de Reno (Hendrik van Rijn)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1363/05/13
Additional remarks Born after 1299 as son of Ghisebrecht Gunter and Hillegond van Rijn. Van Rijn - who was a follower of count Willem IV - was banished from Utrecht on 29 June 1346, after the death of the count. He was allowed to return to the city ten years later. Van Rijn founded an altar at the Janskerk (St John's Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon (1320), archdeacon and provost (1344) of the Utrecht St. Janskerk (St John's Church); appointed as priest of Eembrugge by Walram van Gulik, bishop of Cologne, in 1333
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Medieval Memoria Online v1.1 — © 2017 Utrecht University