Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial wall painting with the Circumcision of Christ and the devotional portrait of a woman

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 706
Name Memorial wall painting with the Circumcision of Christ and the devotional portrait of a woman
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Groningen, Martinikerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Wall painting (single piece)
Short description Wall painting showing the Circumcision of Christ with devotional portrait
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [35] St. Martinikerk (St Martin's Church), Groningen
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks No information is available about possible other functions: memorial text(s) may be missing
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name unknown woman (Mary of Hungary?)
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1543] unknown woman (Mary of Hungary?) (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification paint on a stone wall
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The wall painting has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Hoogewerff, G.J., De Noord-Nederlandse schilderkunst, vol II (The Hague 1936), 563-564
  • Vos, Rik; Leeman, Fred, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 131
  • Werff, E.O. van der, Martini: kerk en toren (Groningen/Assen 2003), 147-150
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This is one of the fourteen secco paintings in the choir of the church, showing seven scenes from the birth and childhood of Christ and seven scenes from the Passion

Single piece (front) of [706] Memorial wall painting with the Circumcision of Christ and the devotional portrait of a woman

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Circumcision of Christ with the devotional portrait of a woman
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year ca.1525-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; clothes
Additional remarks Van der Werff (2003) suggests that the series was made on the occasion of Mary of Hungary's visit to Groningen in 1545
Holding institution
Holding institution Groningen, Martinikerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The wall painting is located in the choir
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left (foreground)
Portrait of
Name unknown woman (Mary of Hungary?)
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal back turned towards the viewer
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description light-coloured dress with tassels around the waist
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks According to Van der Werff (2003), the portrayed woman can be identified as Mary of Hungary (1505-1558), regent of the Netherlands

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1543
Personal details
Name unknown woman (Mary of Hungary?)
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Possibly Mary of Hungary, also known as Mary of Austria (1505-1558). Daughter of Joanna of Castile and King Philip I of Castile. Sister of Emperor Charles V and Ferdinand I. She married King Louis II of Hungary and Bohemia in 1515. The couple remained childless. In 1545 she visited Groningen.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia; Regent of Hungary after her husband's death in 1526, in the name of the new king, her brother, Ferdinand I; Regent of the Habsburg Netherlands (1531-1555).
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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