Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Christ Crowned with Thorns with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 712
Name Christ Crowned with Thorns with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing Christ Crowned with Thorns with devotional portrait and saint
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1500-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Original institution(s)
Original institution [372] Mariënpoel, Regularissen (Marienpoel Monastery, Regular Canonesses), Oegstgeest
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Possible original institution, based on the clothes of the portrayed person and the origin/hometown of the artist. Other convents of Canonesses Regular in Leiden and its surrounding area should also be considered as possible original location of the painting.
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • location unknown
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function unknown
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1576] unknown female member of a convent (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 40 x 42 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
  • dating by dendrochronology
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
Specification (technical research) dendrochronological research conducted in 2010
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks From the presence of a 'barbe' along the edges of the panel we can gather that the panel was painted in its frame
Provenance
Provenance Collection of Edward Solly (1776-1848), London; acquired by the Gemäldegalerie, Berlin (1821)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Filedt Kok, J.P.; Veldman, I.M.; Leeflang, H.; Vogelaar, C., Lucas van Leyden en de Renaissance (Antwerp 2011), 217-218; cat. no. 12
  • Gibson, W.S., The paintings of Cornelis Engebrechtsz (New York/London 1977), 322
  • Hoogewerff, G.J., De Noord-Nederlandse schilderkunst, vol III (The Hague 1936), 150-151
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The composition of the painting is based on two engravings of Lucas van Leyden's 'Circular Passion' series (1509), namely the 'Mocking of Christ' and 'Christ Crowned with Thorns' (B. 60 and 62)

Single piece (front) of [712] Christ Crowned with Thorns with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Christ Crowned with Thorns with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent and St Augustine; Flagellation (background)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 40 x 42 x 0
Date
Year ca.1510
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification dating by dendrochronology: panel usable from 1505
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 1212
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Engebrechtsz., Cornelis
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Two other paintings by Cornelis Engebrechtsz. also show a Canoness Regular who is accompanied by St Augustine, see 'Preparation for the Crucifixion with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent' and 'Lamentation over the Dead Christ with devotional portrait of a female member of a convent', respectively MeMO Memorial Object ID 700 and ID 2685
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The first saint from the right, St Cecilia, is depicted with a falcon, sword and organ. Saint Agnes, the second saint from the right, has a lamb as attribute.

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left
Portrait of
Name unknown female member of a convent
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent
Short description black veil, white guimpe, white habit
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed woman is a Canoness Regular

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Augustine
Sex male
Type of saint
  • religious order
Specification Patron saint of Canonesses Regular, who follow the Rule of St Augustine. The portrayed woman is a Canoness Regular.
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
  • body parts
Specification heart pierced by an arrow; bishop's mitre; crosier; cope
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks St Augustine is depicted opposite SS Agnes and Cecilia

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1576
Personal details
Name unknown female member of a convent
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Canonesses Regular
Specification Canoness Regular, possibly of Mariënpoel Convent near Leiden
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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