Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Two members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 716
Name Two members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing devotional portraits, inscriptions and heraldic shields
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Mor, Antonie
Original institution(s)
Original institution [926] Jeruzalembroederschap (Palmieten) (Jerusalem Confraternity), Utrecht
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Probable original institution: relation of portrayed persons with the institution; iconography of the painting
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The painting may have hung on the wall to the right of the monument of the Holy Sepulchre (= a copy of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem), and to the right of a list of names of deceased Jerusalem Pilgrims and a panel showing the portraits of twelve members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • historical
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial painting; commemorating a confraternity; commemorating a historical event
Change in function
Remarks about function arguments for functions: memorial text(s) on the painting; historical facts (documents)
Name two members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1590] Cornelis van Horn (male)
  • [53] Anthonis Taets van Amerongen (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons members of a cooperation/confraternity
Relation specification members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Additional remarks arguments for identification of commemorated party: texts and heraldic shields on the painting
Name Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a cooperation/confraternity
Specification members of a confraternity
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks motive for commissioning the work: new Jerusalem Chapel
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 74 x 96 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Catalogue Gemäldegalerie Berlin (Berlin 1975)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bock, H., Katalog der ausgestellten Gemälde des 13.-18. Jahrhunderts, Gemäldegalerie Berlin, Staatliche Museen Preussischer Kulturbesitz (Berlin 1975), 284
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 58-59
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/jerusalem/pages/09.shtml
  • Tongerloo, L. van, Grablegung und Totengedenken bei Pilgerbruderschaften in Utrecht, mit einer Neuinterpretation von Scorels und Mors Bildnisreihen von Jerusalemfahrern, in: Bueren, T. van; Leerdam, Andrea van, Care for the here and the hereafter: memoria, art and ritual in the Middle Ages (Turnhout 2005), 221-247
  • Woodall, J., Painted immortality: portraits of Jerusalem pilgrims by Antonis Mor and Jan van Scorel, Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 31 (1989), 149-163
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Van Tongerloo (2005) makes it plausible that this work was not initially intended to commemorate the portrayed persons. It is likely that the painting was commissioned on the occasion of the transfer to the new Jerusalem Chapel; the two portrayed men were probably procurator at the time. They were canons as well. Anthonis Taets van Amerongen was buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht, see 'Floor slab of Anthonis Taets van Amerongen', MeMO Memorial Object ID [78].

Single piece (front) of [716] Two members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Two members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims with two inscriptions and two heraldic shields
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 74 x 96 x 0
Date
Year 1544
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date inscribed above the red Jerusalem Cross, on the fictive frame
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Berlin, Staatliche Museen
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 585A
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Mor, Antonie
Attribution
  • signature
Specification signed 'Antonius Mor fecit' above the red Jerusalem Cross, on the fictive frame
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation This panel is part of a series of five panels showing the portraits of Jerusalem Pilgrims, which presumably all were housed in the confraternity's chapel in Utrecht, see also: 'Five members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims', MeMO Memorial Object ID [672], 'Nine members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims' [671], 'Twelve members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims' [669] and 'Twelve (originally thirteen?) members of the Utrecht Confraternity of Jerusalem Pilgrims' [670].
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the left
Portrait of
Name Cornelis van Horn
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce hanging over his left forearm
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was a canon at the Utrecht St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church/Dom Church). He went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1520.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait on the right
Portrait of
Name Anthonis Taets van Amerongen
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture in half-figure
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb
Attributes
Attributes
  • (ecclesiastical) vestments
Specification almuce hanging over his left forearm
Insignia
Insignia
  • pilgrim insignia
Specification palm branch (Jerusalem feather)
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person was a canon at the Utrecht St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church/Dom Church). He went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1543 and also visited other holy places.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the first portrait from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In black a gold chevron, horn below? - (In zwart een gouden keper, hoorn daaronder?)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Horn?
Person details
Person details
  • [1590] Cornelis van Horn (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the second portrait from the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a red fess - (In zilver een rode dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Taets van Amerongen
Person details
Person details
  • [53] Anthonis Taets van Amerongen (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the fictive text panel at the bottom of the painting, on the left
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Meister Cornelis van Horn, doctor uut west Vrieslant gheboren,/ canonick in den Dom tHutrecht, was the Iherusalem in de heylichge stee,/ domen screef dusent vijfhondert en tuyntich so ghi mocht horen./ Hy hebbe daervoor hier naemaels den ewichghe vree.
Translation
English translation Master Cornelis van Horn, doctor born in West-Friesland, canon at the Dom in Utrecht, was in Jerusalem in the Holy City, as was written thousand five hundred and twenty. May he have eternal peace in the hereafter.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [1590] Cornelis van Horn (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The text is written in rhyme and includes a prayer for the commemorated person
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on the fictive text panel at the bottom of the painting, on the right
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Heer Anthonis Taets van Ameronghen wel bekant,/ gheboren van Utrecht, canonick in den Dom,/ is gheweest the Iherusalem in dat heylich lant,/ the Romen Sant Iacopo ende al om end om.
Translation
English translation Sir Anthonis Taets van Amerongen, well-known, born in Utrecht, canon at the Dom, has been in Jerusalem in that Holy Land, in Rome, St James (=Santiago da Compostela) and other places.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [53] Anthonis Taets van Amerongen (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The text is written in rhyme

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 53
Personal details
Name Anthonis Taets van Amerongen
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1555/10/20
Additional remarks Member of an old and prominent Utrecht family. His father was mayor of Utrecht. He went on pilgrimages to Jersualem (1543), Mount Sinai and Santiago de Compostela. Chamberlain of pope Adrian VI. He was buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk in Utrecht from 11 February 1524
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1590
Personal details
Name Cornelis van Horn
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1547
Additional remarks Doctor born in West-Friesland. He went on a pilgrimage to Jerusalem in 1520.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the Utrecht St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin's Church)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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