Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Succession series of the Counts of Holland

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 748
Name Succession series of the Counts of Holland
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Haarlem, City of Haarlem
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single pieces (series of)
Short description Series of nineteen panels showing portraits of the Counts and Countesses of Holland (twenty-eight men and five women) with inscriptions and heraldic shields, created between 1486 and 1491
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1475-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Holland, artist from
Original institution(s)
Original institution [291] Karmelieten (Convent of Carmelites), Haarlem
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification history of the city
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • in the cloister
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • social
  • political
  • historical
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function series of memorial paintings; succession series; legitimation function; visual propaganda
Change in function
Remarks about function arguments for functions: memorial texts on the panels; the portrayed person(s) had already died when the work was made; documents
Name Counts of Holland
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification
Additional remarks arguments for identification of commemorated party: texts and heraldic shields on the panels
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness original frames
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks Dimensions: 225x165 cm (sixteen panels); 225x115 cm (the two panels which show one portrait & the panel showing the figure of Death)
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Van Anrooij (Hilversum 1997)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Anrooij, W. van, De Haarlemse gravenportretten: Hollandse geschiedenis in woord en beeld (Hilversum 1997)
  • Boer, D.E.H. de; Cordfunke, E.H.P., Graven van Holland. Middeleeuwse vorsten in woord en beeld (880-1580) (Zutphen 2010)
  • Cerutti, W.G.M., Het stadhuis van Haarlem: hart van de stad (Bloemendaal/Haarlem 2001), 256-267, 698
  • Holterman, Bart, Representations of Jerusalem pilgrims, http://memo.hum.uu.nl/jerusalem/pages/56.shtml
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • This series consists of nineteen panels. The first panel depicts a herald holding a text banner in which the County of Holland is presented to the viewer. The following seventeen panels show the portraits of counts and countesses, from Dirk I (10th century) up to Maximiliaan I (late 15th/early 16th century). Fifteen of the seventeen panels each contain two portraits; two panels contain one portrait. Each portrait is accompanied by a short biography along the bottom of the panel. The series is concluded with a panel depicting the figure of Death. * The motive behind the commissioning of this series might have been the political situation in Holland, which necessitated a tribute to the reigning royal house. The portrayed persons are successive rulers.

Single piece (part of series) of [748] Succession series of the Counts of Holland

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description Panel I showing a herald, an inscription and eight heraldic shields
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 225 x 165 x 0
Date
Year 1486-1491
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification historical facts
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Haarlem, City of Haarlem
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Holland, artist from
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [748] Succession series of the Counts of Holland

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description Panel II: Dirk I and Dirk II
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 225 x 165 x 0
Date
Year 1486-1491
Specified date
Argumentation
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Haarlem, City of Haarlem
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Holland, artist from
Attribution
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (part of series) of [748] Succession series of the Counts of Holland

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Short description
Short description Panel III: Aernout I (Arnulf) and Dirk III
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 225 x 165 x 0
Date
Year 1486-1491
Specified date
Argumentation
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Haarlem, City of Haarlem
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Holland, artist from
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Panel II (left-hand side)
Portrait of
Name Dirk I, Count of Holland
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
  • shield
Specification shield bearing arms
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Panel II (right-hand side)
Portrait of
Name Dirk II, Count of Holland
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
  • shield
Specification Shield bearing arms
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Panel III, left-hand side of panel
Portrait of
Name Aernout (Arnulf), Count of Holland
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
  • shield
Specification Shield bearing arms
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Panel III, right-hand side of panel
Portrait of
Name Dirk III, Count of Holland
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
  • shield
Specification Shield bearing arms
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription Panel I, right hand side of the panel
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Die afcomste van Hollant sal ik vertoonen, / Bewijsen waer die eerste heer was ghebooren, /  Hoe tgraefschap ghesproten is uit twee croonen / Als tkeijsers ende Vranckrijckse, dat suldij hooren. //  Het is ghebeurt lang hier te vooren / Dat die edeldom van Troijen Vranckrijck regheerde, / Na welcken is Pippijn int rijck vercooren, / Die selve de croone als conijnck begeerde. // Hoe wel men daer Pippijn dus hooghelijck eerde, / Hij en was die conijncklijcke stamme niet, / Maer want hij uit Gallijen die Saracene weerde, / Is hem die eere daer voor gheschiet. // Pippijn na desen hem wel beriet / Ten eijnde om langhe sijn macht te deuren. / Dus woud hij alleen, ende ghebieden liet, / Dat wapen van Vranckrijck niemant te veuren. //  Van Aquijtanijen die hertoch en dorst hem niet reuren, / Al was hij ghecommen van sconijncx stam. / Hij liet die lelijen ter selver euren / Ende dit wapen van Troijen hij wedernam. // Van Pippijns bloede een conijnck quam, / Karolus die Caluw, alsoo gheheten, / Op welcken niemand en dorst worden gram, / Want tkeijserrijck en Vranckrijck heeft hij beijde beseten. //  Ter saken van desen, dat suldij weten, / Is hem doen Hollant oock toe gheschreven, / In welcken hij heeft hem rechts vermeten / Ende heeftet voor keijserlijck leen uitghegheven. // Van Aquijtanijen was een jongste soon ghebleven, / Dien hij ghaf Hollant ten eeuwijghen daghen. / Dese wert daer in als grave verheven, / Ghehult vreedsamijch tot sijn behaghen. // Een leeuw van keel te voeren plaghen /Int velt van ghulden, Troijaens gheslacht. / Dus heeft dese Dijderick, hoort mijn ghewaghen, / Met hem dit wapen in Hollant ghebracht. //  Als dit bebrieft werd ende nam soo cracht, / Acht hondert drie en tsestich schreefmen dat jaer. / Maer hoe langhe verdeurde der heeren macht, / Wat ijchelijck in sijn tijt heeft ghewracht, / Leest onder die heeren, daer vindijt claer.
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription Panel II, below portraits
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Diederick I: Dits deerste here die in Hollant wert grave, / Diederijck gheheten; tjaer VIIIc LVIII beghan / Sijn regijment. Hij had een wijf seer rijck van have, / Geva ghenaemt, en was, sooick bevroeden can, / Pippijns conijnck van Italijen dochter, daer hij an wan / Dander Diederijck, een jonghen van seden reene. / tEgmont stichte een nonnen clooster dees edel man, / Van houte. die Vriesen verwan hij alghemeene. / Die Denen en Noorweghers dwanck hij, soo dat gheene / Van oostersche landen Hollant en mocht deeren. / Tjaer IXc starf hij en regeerde tlant, soot scheene, / XLII jaer. tEgmont begraven met grooter eeren.
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [7477] Dirk I, Count of Holland (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription Panel II, below portraits
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Diederick II: Dits Diederick, Diecerijcksoone, van moede stout. / Dese had conijnck Lodewijcksdochter van Vranckrijke, / Die Hillegont hiet, te wijve ghetrout, / An wien hij een soone wan, alsoot clear blijke, / Aernout, die na hem regeerde en desghelijke / Wan hij Sint Egbert, aertsbisschop van Trier. / Na dat desen de Vriesen bracht in versijke / Vernieuwde hij tclooster tEgmont harde schier / Van steenen; sette daer in met blijde chier / Monnijcken vander selver orden te dier stont. / Als gheregeert had LXXXVIII jaer dees here fier / Starf hij en wert begraven tot Egmont.
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [7478] Dirk II, Count of Holland (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription Panel III, below portraits
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Aernout I: Aernout, Diedericx soone, regeerde daer na / En had een vrouwe gheheeten Luijtgaert. / Theophanus, de keijser van Griecken, soo ick versta, / Was haer vader, en die Roomsche keijserinne vermaert / Haer suster. Als ons die cronijke verclaert, / Wan hij Diederick doutste, die na hem besat tlant, / En deerste heer van Brederoode, van hoogher aert, / Sijvert gheheeten, de jongste soon, neemt wel tverstant. / In eenen strijde wert verslaghen die wijgant / Van de Vriesen in Winckelremade, dats clear. / Hij wert tEgmont begraven, als ick bevant; / Soo en regeerde hij Hollant maer vijf jaer.
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [7479] Aernout (Arnulf), Count of Holland (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (part of series)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription Panel III, below portraits
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Diederick III: Die derde Diederick wert grave na dien. / Een vrouwe hiet Wijthilt had die prince ghoet, / Hertogh Otten dochter van Sassen, bij wien / Hij wan twee jonghe soonen seer soet: / Diederick grave van Hollant, sijt dies wel vroet, / En Floris, grave van Oostvrieslant, vroom van lede. / Na dat hij van de Uutrechtsch zeghen quam metter spoet / Reijsde hij te Jerusalem met wijser sede, Maer int wedercomen hij sijn eijnde dede, / Als XLVI gheregeert had met groot eere, / En wert tEgmont begraven. Daer leijt oock mede / Sijn broeder, van Brederoode die eerste here.
Translation
English translation
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Name [7480] Dirk III, Count of Holland (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7477
Personal details
Name Dirk I, Count of Holland
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.860
Year/date of death 939
Additional remarks Reign >889-939
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7478
Personal details
Name Dirk II, Count of Holland
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.930
Year/date of death 988
Additional remarks reign 939-988
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7479
Personal details
Name Aernout (Arnulf), Count of Holland
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.950
Year/date of death 993
Additional remarks Reign 988-993
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7480
Personal details
Name Dirk III, Count of Holland
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.982
Year/date of death 1039
Additional remarks reign 993-1039
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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