Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portrait of Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck ('The Roermond Passion')

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 755
Name Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portrait of Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck ('The Roermond Passion')
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing scenes (18) from the Life of Christ with devotional portrait and heraldic shield
Remarks about category No separation between portrait(s) - religious scene
General date
General date 1425-1450
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Guelders, artist from
Original institution(s)
Original institution [323] Munsterabdij, Cisterciënzerinnen (Munster Abbey, Cistercian Nuns), Roermond
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Probable original institution: the portrayed person had entered this abbey
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • location unknown
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function altarpiece?
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for function: size of the painting
Name Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1804] Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: heraldic shield on the painting
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • canvas
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on canvas on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 103 x 168 x 0
Completeness
Condition The painting is in poor condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance Onze-Lieve-Vrouwe-Munsterkerk (Minster of Our Lady), Roermond; Rijksmuseum Amsterdam (since 1889)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Châtelet, A., Early Dutch painting: painting in the Northern Netherlands in the fifteenth century (Lausanne 1988)
  • Drost, A.C.A., Kunst der Maasvallei: ivoren, edelsmeedwerken, beeldhouwwerken, miniaturen, schilderijen van de VIde tot de XVIde eeuw (Rotterdam 1952); no. 259
  • Hoogewerff, G.J., De Noord-Nederlandse schilderkunst, vol. V (The Hague 1936), 177-188
  • Luttervelt, R. van, Jubileumtentoonstelling middeleeuwse kunst der Noordelijke Nederlanden (Amsterdam 1958), 40-41
  • Os, H. van; Filedt Kok, J.P., Nederlandse kunst in het Rijksmuseum 1400-1600 (Amsterdam/Zwolle 2000), 22
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This painting consists of eighteen sections showing scenes from the Life of Christ. The devotional portrait can be found on the bottom row, in the third section from the left

Single piece (front) of [755] Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portrait of Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck ('The Roermond Passion')

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Scenes from the Life of Christ with devotional portrait of Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck and a heraldic shield
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 103 x 168 x 0
Date
Year ca.1430-1445
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Bela entered the abbey around 1425 and became abbess in 1447. She is not depicted as an abbess in the painting.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum
Collection Paintings
Collection identifier SK-A-1491
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Guelders, artist from
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification origin of work
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait bottom row, third section from the left; right of centre
Portrait of
Name Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification clothing
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent
Short description black veil worn over a white veil/cap, white guimpe, black habit, black cloak?
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck was a Cistercian nun. Based on the heraldic shield, it has also been suggested that the portrayed woman is Bela's mother, Bela Scheiffart van Merode, who is represented as a widow. The clothing of the portrayed person is, however, more similar to that of a member of a convent.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry bottom row, third section from the left; to the right of the portrait
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Spade shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale I: in gold three black bars; II: in gold three red pales - (Gedeeld I: in goud drie zwarte dwarsbalken; II: in goud drie rode palen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Mirlaer van Millendock-Scheiffart van Merode
Person details
Person details
  • [1804] Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1804
Personal details
Name Bela van Mirlaer van Millendonck
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Daughter of Johan van Mirlaer, Lord of Millendonck, and Bela Scheiffart van Merode, who married in 1378
Social standing
Status member of a convent
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Cistercian
Specification She entered the Munsterabdij (Minster Abbey) in Roermond around 1425, and became abbess in 1447
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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