Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial wall painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of the Van de Wiel-Van Driel family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 761
Name Memorial wall painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of the Van de Wiel-Van Driel family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • 's-Hertogenbosch, St. Janskathedraal
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (wall painting)
Short description Wall painting showing the Crucifixion with devotional portraits, inscription and a mark
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1425-1450
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Aken?, Jan van
Original institution(s)
Original institution [387] St. Johannes Evangelistkerk (St. Janskathedraal) (St John Evangelist's Church (St John's Cathedral)), 's-Hertogenbosch
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the choir
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The painting has always been located in the outer aisle of the south choir or 'Nicolaaskoor' (choir of St Nicholas), next to the side entrance of the 'Antoniuskapel' (chapel of St Anthony)
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family: see Commemorated party
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Van de Wiel-Van Driel family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [6676] son of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel (male)
  • [1839] Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel (male)
  • [1840] Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel (female)
  • [1841] nine daughters of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel (female)
  • [6986] six sons of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons nuclear family
Relation specification a married couple with seven sons and nine daughters
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification paint on a stone wall
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 175 x 150 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation Peeters (1985) supspects that the wall painting was (slightly) altered during restoration in 1896
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The wall painting has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
  • mark(s)
Specification A black mark at the foot of the cross
  • Mosmans, J., De St. Janskerk te 's-Hertogenbosch ('s-Hertogenbosch 1931), 128
  • Peeters, C., De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst XVII. De Sint Janskathedraal te 's-Hertogenbosch (The Hague 1985), 309
  • Smits, C.F.X., De grafzerken in de kathedrale Sint Janskerk van 's-Hertogenbosch, http://www.bossche-encyclopedie.nl/overig/sint%20jan%20(grafzerken)/algemeen.htm
Other documentation
Documentation in the SKKN (Stichting Kerkelijk Kunstbezit in Nederland), Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [761] Memorial wall painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portraits of the Van de Wiel-Van Driel family

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion with the devotional portraits of the Van de Wiel-Van Driel family, an inscription and a mark
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 175 x 150 x 0
Date
Year 1444
Specified date 1444/10/27
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification date of death of Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution 's-Hertogenbosch, St. Janskathedraal
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The painting is located in the outer aisle of the south choir or 'Nicolaaskoor' (choir of St Nicholas), next to the side entrance of the 'Antoniuskapel' (chapel of St Anthony)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Aken?, Jan van
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Virgin and St John the Evangelist are not patron saints: they are part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first up to and including the sixth person from the left
Portrait of
Name six sons of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description red and brown garments
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait seventh person from the left
Portrait of
Name son of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description (greenish) brown habit with a cowl
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks This son has a tonsure. He is most likely a Franciscan.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait eight person from the left (to the left of the cross)
Portrait of
Name Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description red garment; black (bowler) hat
Attributes
Attributes
  • object(s)
Specification belt purse
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Willem, the husband of Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel, is mentioned but not commemorated in the inscription on the wall painting
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first up to and including the ninth person from the right
Portrait of
Name nine daughters of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black, red and green gowns
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait tenth person from the right (to the right of the cross)
Portrait of
Name Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description red gown; black veil/cloak
Attributes
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
Specification open book
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription below the religious image
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer ons Heren MCCCC en XLIIII doe sterf Katrine Jordens dochter van Driel, Willem Jacopssoen vande Wiel wijf was aen die minderbroederslach (=straet) die sterf op Sint Simen en Juden advend. Bit voor die ziel.
Translation
English translation In the year of Our Lord 1400 and 44 died Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel, who was the wife of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel at the Minderbroedersstraat, who died on the eve of SS Simon and Jude (= October 27). Pray for the soul.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [1840] Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [1839] Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Memorial text including an appeal to the viewer for prayer for the commemorated person(s). The first part of the inscription is placed against a light background and has somewhat faded over time.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1839
Personal details
Name Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Husband of Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel. Father of at least seven sons and nine daughters, based on the memorial painting.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1840
Personal details
Name Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1444/10/27
Additional remarks Wife of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel. Mother of at least seven sons and nine daughters, based on the memorial painting.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1841
Personal details
Name nine daughters of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6676
Personal details
Name son of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Franciscan
Specification most likely a Franciscan
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6986
Personal details
Name six sons of Willem Jacobsz. van de Wiel and Katrine Jordensdr. van Driel
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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