Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 764
Name Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Memorial sculpture with an inscription, a crest of a coat of arms and decorative Renaissance elements, and the remnants of a religious image, possibly the Ascension of Christ
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Floris, Cornelis - and workshop
Original institution(s)
Original institution [392] Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)), Breda
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the ambulatory
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sculpture has always been located on a wall in the ambulatory
Memorial piece
Function
  • historical
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks • The inscription refers to historical fact(s), i.e. the donation of the monument. • No information is available about possible other functions: the religious image is missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Nicolaas Vierling
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3928] Nicolaas Vierling (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name children of Nicolaas Vierling
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a family
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was a relative/friend/colleague of the commemorated party
Relation specification Children of the commemorated party
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: the religious image has been hacked away. The upper section of the sculpture may originally have showed an alabaster relief of the Ascension of Christ, see Van Wezel 2003, p. 187. Furthermore, the top of the sculpture is missing, as well as the putti on either side of the sarcophagus.
Condition Damaged
Conservation Restored in the period 1995-1998: wall-anchors replaced, loose parts secured and the sculpture cleaned
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Kalf, J., De Nederlandsche monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst I. De provincie Noordbrabant. De monumenten in de voormalige Baronie van Breda (Utrecht 1912), 113
  • Vos, Rik; Leeman, Fred, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 77-78
  • Wezel, G.W.C. van, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst. De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda (Zeist 2003), 187
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [764] Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Memorial sculpture with an inscription, a crest of a coat of arms and decorative Renaissance elements, and the remnants of a religious image, possibly the Ascension of Christ
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year ca.1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Erected after Nicolaas Vierling's death in 1546. The sculpture is mentioned in documents of 4 January 1553 regarding the payment of grave rights.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located on a wall in the ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Floris, Cornelis - and workshop
Attribution
  • style
Specification based on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role designer
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Compare this sculpture to other damaged memorial sculptures in the Grote Kerk: MeMO Memorial Objects ID 763 and ID 765
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the text field, at the bottom of the sculpture
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield The heraldic charges are missing (hacked away?)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tablet in the lower half of the sculpture
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Deo Optimo Maximo Sacrum. Prudentia et integritate vitae ornatissimo viro Nicolao Vierling, illustrissimis heroibus Henrico comiti a Nassou ac Renato et Guilhelmo principibus Auraniae a conciliis et rationibus, liberi patri optimo merito tumulum cum lacrimis posuere. Obiit VIo Iunii anno Domini XVc XLVI. Vixit annos LXXII menses VIII.
Translation
English translation Sacred to the best and greatest God. For a man much honoured for his reason and pure way of living, Nicolaas Vierling, councillor and auditor of the very famous heroes Henry, Count of Nassau, and René and William, the Princes of Orange, their very good and deserving father, have his children in tears placed a memorial. He died on June 6 in the year of the Lord 1546. He has lived for 72 years and 8 months.
Dutch translation Gewijd aan de beste en grootste God. Voor een door zijn verstand en zuiverheid van leven zeer geroemd man, Nicolaas Vierling, raadsheer en rekenmeester van de zeer aanzienlijke helden Hendrik, graaf van Nassau, en René en Willem, de prinsen van Oranje, hun zeer goede en verdienstelijke vader, hebben zijn kinderen in tranen een gedenkteken geplaatst. Hij stierf op 6 juni in het jaar des Heren 1546. Hij heeft 72 jaren en 8 maanden geleefd.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [7640] René of Chalon (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [2495] Henry III, Count of Nassau (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [4059] William I of Orange (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [3928] Nicolaas Vierling (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • fruit
  • flowers/plants
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • architectural decorations
  • garland(s)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) entablature and pediment with two lying figures flanking a flower basket; consoles decorated with lampions; pair of female herms; pair of caryatids; egg moulding; sarcophagus; fruit; foliage; garlands of flowers; grotesques; winged figure; lion-like heads
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2495
Personal details
Name Henry III, Count of Nassau
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1483/01/12
Year/date of death 1538/09/14
Additional remarks Son of John V, Count of Nassau-Dillenburg, and Elisabeth of Hessen-Marburg. Nephew of Engelbrecht II, uncle of William I of Orange. Husband of Louise Francisca of Savoy, Claudia of Chalon and Mencía de Mendoza. Father of René of Chalon and a number of illegitimate children. He was buried in the Grote Kerk (Great Church) in Breda.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification Count of Nassau and Vianden (1504-1538); Lord of Breda, the Lek, Hoge and Lage Zwaluwe etc. (1504-1538); employed by Philip the Fair of Castile; 'landdrost' of Brabant (1504); stadtholder of Holland and Zeeland (1515-1521); councillor and upper chamberlain of Charles V (1522-1530); knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3928
Personal details
Name Nicolaas Vierling
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1473
Year/date of death 1546/06/06
Additional remarks Father of an unknown number of children. He lived in Breda and died at the age of 72.
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification councillor ('raadsheer') and registrar ('griffier') of the Court of Audit of Henry III, Count of Nassau, and of René of Châlon and William I, Princes of Orange
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4059
Personal details
Name William I of Orange
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1533/04/24
Year/date of death 1584/07/10
Additional remarks Also known as William the Silent. Eldest son of William, Count of Nassau, and Juliana of Stolberg-Werningerode. Husband of Anna of Egmond, Anna of Saxony, Charlotte of Bourbon and Louise de Coligny. Founder of the branch House of Orange-Nassau. Assassinated in Delft. He was buried in the Nieuwe Kerk (New Church) in Delft.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification Prince of Orange (1544-1584); stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht (1559-1567/1572-1584); stadtholder of Friesland, Groningen, Drenthe and Overijssel (1580-1584); leader of the Dutch Revolt
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 7640
Personal details
Name René of Chalon
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1519/02/05
Year/date of death 1544
Additional remarks Son of Henry III, Count of Nassau, and Claudia of Chalon. Husband of Anna of Lorraine. Father of Maria, who lived only 3 weeks. He died from the injuries he sustained during the siege of St. Dizier and was buried in the Grote Kerk (Great Church) in Breda.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification Prince of Orange (1530-1544); Count of Nassau and Vianden (1538-1544); Lord of Breda, the Lek, Hoge and Lage Zwaluwe etc. (1538-1544); stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht (1540-1544); stadtholder of Guelders and Zutphen (1543-1544); knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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