Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 764
Name Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Memorial sculpture with an inscription, a crest of a coat of arms and decorative Renaissance elements, and the remnants of a religious image, possibly the Ascension of Christ
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Floris, Cornelis - and workshop
Original institution(s)
Original institution [392] Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk (Our Lady's Church (Grote Kerk)), Breda
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the ambulatory
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The sculpture has always been located on a wall in the ambulatory
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • historical
Specification
Additional remarks • The inscription refers to historical fact(s), i.e. the donation of the monument. • No information is available about possible other functions: the religious image is missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Nicolao (Nicolaas) Vierling
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3928] Nicolao (Nicolaas) Vierling (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name children of Nicolao (Nicolaas) Vierling
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a family
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was a relative/friend/colleague of the commemorated party
Relation specification Children of the commemorated party
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: the religious image has been hacked away. The upper section of the sculpture may originally have showed an alabaster relief of the Ascension of Christ, see Van Wezel 2003, p. 187. Furthermore, the top of the sculpture is missing, as well as the putti on either side of the sarcophagus.
Condition Damaged
Conservation Restored in the period 1995-1998: wall-anchors replaced, loose parts secured and the sculpture cleaned
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The sculpture has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Kalf, J., De Nederlandsche monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst I. De provincie Noordbrabant. De monumenten in de voormalige Baronie van Breda (Utrecht 1912), 113
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 77-78
  • Wezel, G.W.C. van, De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst. De Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekerk en de grafkapel voor Oranje-Nassau te Breda (Zeist 2003), 187
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Single piece (front) of [764] Memorial sculpture of Nicolaas Vierling with possibly the Ascension of Christ

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Memorial sculpture with an inscription, a crest of a coat of arms and decorative Renaissance elements, and the remnants of a religious image, possibly the Ascension of Christ
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year ca.1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification Erected after Nicolaas Vierling''s death in 1546. The sculpture is mentioned in documents of 4 January 1553 regarding the payment of grave rights.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Breda, Grote of Onze Lieve Vrouwekerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The sculpture is located on a wall in the ambulatory
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Floris, Cornelis - and workshop
Attribution
  • style
Specification based on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role designer
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Compare this sculpture to other damaged memorial sculptures in the Grote Kerk: MeMO Memorial Objects ID 763 and ID 765
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the text field, at the bottom of the sculpture
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield The heraldic charges are missing (hacked away?)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription tablet in the lower half of the sculpture
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Deo Optimo Maximo Sacrum. Prudentia et integritate vitae ornatissimo viro Nicolao Vierling, illustrissimis heroibus Henrico comiti a Nassou ac Renato et Guilhelmo principibus Auraniae a conciliis et rationibus, liberi patri optimo merito tumulum cum lacrimis posuere. Obiit VIo Iunii anno Domini XVc XLVI. Vixit annos LXXII menses VIII.
Translation
English translation Sacred to the best and greatest God. For a man much honoured for his reason and pure way of living, Nicolaas Vierling, counsellor and accountant of the very famous heroes Henry, Duke of Nassau, and René and William, the Princes of Orange, their very good and deserving father, have his children in tears placed a memorial. He died on June 6 in the year of the Lord 1546. He has lived for 72 years and 8 months.
Dutch translation Gewijd aan de beste en grootste God. Voor een door zijn verstand en zuiverheid van leven zeer geroemd man, Nicolaas Vierling, raadsman en rekenmeester van de zeer aanzienlijke helden Hendrik, graaf van Nassau, en René en Willem, de prinsen van Oranje, hun zeer goede en verdienstelijke vader, hebben zijn kinderen in tranen een gedenkteken geplaatst. Hij stierf op 6 juni in het jaar des Heren 1546. Hij heeft 72 jaren en 8 maanden geleefd.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [3928] Nicolao (Nicolaas) Vierling (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • architectural decorations
  • fruit
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
  • garland(s)
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) entablature and pediment with two lying figures flanking a flower basket; consoles decorated with lampions; pair of female herms; pair of caryatids; egg moulding; sarcophagus; fruit; foliage; garlands of flowers; grotesques; winged figure; lion-like heads
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3928
Personal details
Name Nicolao (Nicolaas) Vierling
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1546/06/06
Additional remarks He lived in Breda
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • according to literature
Specification clerk at the Court of Auditors; steward; counsellor and accountant of Henry III, Count of Nassau, René of Châlon and William I, Prince of Orange
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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