Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Johan Proys

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 77
Name Floor slab of Johan Proys
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Very large stone slab with inscription around a central quatrefoil which contains a coat of arms, a later quatrefoil containing two heraldic shields immediately below and quatrefoils in the corners in which heraldic shields suspended from ribbons (?)
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1475-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
  • the institution/community is mentioned in the text
Specification The commemorated person was a canon and dean at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the transept
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The slab has always been located in the south transept
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings
Additional remarks Johan's mother Mabilia van Groenewoude (d. 1460) and his cousin Roelof Proys (d. 1492) may also have been buried in this grave
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Johan(nes) Proys
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [52] Johan(nes) Proys (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 467 x 268 x 0
Completeness Complete
Condition In reasonable condition. The slab is worn; the shields in the corners are not properly visible and the inscription is hard to read.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • heraldry added
Specification Addition by a member of the Proys family, below the central quatrefoil: two shields hanging from a branch, inside a quatrefoil
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bloys van Treslong Prins, P.C., Genealogische en heraldische gedenkwaardigheden in en uit de provincie Utrecht (Utrecht 1919), 206; no. 40
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 56-57; no. 8
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 32; fol. 18v
  • Bueren, T. van, Gebeeldhouwde nagedachtenis in de Domstad, in: Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse beelden uit Utrecht 1430-1530 (Utrecht/Antwerpen 2012), 30-47, 45
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 290, 342; no. 77
  • Peeters, C.J.A.C.; Haslinghuis, E.J., De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, dl. II, De provincie Utrecht, Eerste stuk, De gemeente Utrecht, Tweede aflevering, De Dom van Utrecht ('s-Gravenhage 1965), 380-381; no. 118
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 967-73, photo no. 967-73_1 and 967-73_2; RCE: object no. 8.085, adlib priref 20232308
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • This is the largest floor slab in the Utrecht St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church). • The burial vault was owned by the Proys (or Proeys) family until 1698. On 18 January 1698, the vault came into the possession of Maria Heereman, widow of Albert Boelens. In 1809, the vault was sold to Jan Anthony Taets van Amerongen, who was already in possession of an adjacent vault. Although the slab changed owner twice, its appearance remained unaltered.

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [77] Floor slab of Johan Proys

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Very large stone slab with inscription around a central quatrefoil which contains a coat of arms, a later quatrefoil containing two heraldic shields immediately below and quatrefoils in the corners in which heraldic shields suspended from ribbons (?)
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 467 x 268 x 0
Date
Year 1482
Specified date 1482/12/19
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
Specification
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the south transept. The baptismal font is placed on the slab.
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry inside the central quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield A fess embattled (Een gekanteelde dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest: two axle trees (Helmteken: twee wielnaven)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Proys
Person details
Person details
  • [52] Johan(nes) Proys (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper left corner, suspended from a ribbon (?)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield A fess embattled (Een gekanteelde dwarsbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Proys
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower left corner, suspended from a ribbon (?)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three cocks, 2-1 (Drie hanen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Groenwoude
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper right corner, suspended from a ribbon (?)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three crowns, 2-1 (Drie kronen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Lanscroon
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower right corner, suspended from a ribbon (?)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Three vair pallets, in a chief a posthorn (Drie palen van vair, in een schildhoofd een posthoorn)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Oye
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry at the bottom of the slab (later addition)
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield Left, I: a fess embattled; Right (in an oval shield), II: quarterly, I, IV: three zules, 2-1; II, III: a lion (Links, I: een gekanteelde dwarsbalk; Rechts (in een ovalen schild) II: gevierendeeld, I, IV: drie zuilen, 2-1; II, III: een leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Proys-Van Driebergen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription around the central quatrefoil
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno Domini [MCCCCLXXXII die XIX] Decembris obiit venerabilis et egregius vir, dominus Johannes Proys, decanus huius maioris ecclesie Traiectensis, cuius anima requiescat in fausta pace. Amen.
Translation
English translation In the year of the Lord 1482 on the 19th day of December died the venerable and eminent man, sir Johan Proys, dean of this Utrecht Dom Church, whose soul may rest in auspicious peace. Amen.
Dutch translation In het jaar des Heren 1482 op de 19de dag van december stierf de eerbiedwaardige en voortreffelijke man, heer Johan Proys, deken van deze Utrechtse Domkerk, wiens ziel in gelukkige vrede moge rusten. Amen.
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [52] Johan(nes) Proys (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 52
Personal details
Name Johan(nes) Proys
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1482/12/19
Additional remarks Also known as Johan(nes) Proeys. Son of Beernt Proys and Mabilia van Groenewoude. His family members held high offices in the city council of Utrecht in the 14th and 15th century.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification In 1438, Proys became canon and dean at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht. Eleven years later he was deprived of both offices after a dispute with bishop Rudolf van Diepholt. After the bishop's death in 1455, he resumed his functions as canon and dean. However, in 1471 he was once again removed from his offices, this time by bishop David of Burgundy. Proys lost his prebend.
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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