Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portrait of a man

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 773
Name Memorial painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portrait of a man
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Brussels, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (painting)
Short description Painting showing the Crucifixion with devotional portrait and saint
Remarks about category Single piece: no separation between portrait(s) - main image
General date
General date 1475-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Bosch, Jheronimus
Original institution(s)
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks No information is available about possible other functions: memorial text(s) may be missing
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [1872] unknown man (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on oak
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 75 x 61 x 0
Completeness The painting may have had a memorial text and heraldry on the frame and/or a separate text panel. The current frame is not original.
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
  • Visible spectrum light (VIS) photography with extremely high resolution
  • research of paint layers
  • X-ray
  • infrared reflectography (IRR)
  • dating by dendrochronology
  • determination of type of wood
Specification (technical research) Full technical report in Hoogstede (2016).
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks During the restoration of 1966-67 is was discovered that the portrait had been partially overpainted by the figure of Mary Magdalene, who was shown kneeling at the base of the cross with her arms wrapped around it. This addition was later removed at an unknown date.
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Hoogstede, Luuk, et al., Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman. Technical Studies (New Haven and London 2016), 222-229; no. 15
  • Ilsink, Matthijs, et al., Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman. Catalogue RaisonnĂ© (New Haven and London 2016), 268-277; no. 15
  • Stroo, C., The Flemish Primitives III. The Hieronymus Bosch, Gerard David, Albrecht Bouts, Colijn de Coter and Goossen van der Weyden groups. Catalogue of Early Netherlandish Painting in the Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium (Brussels 2001), 71-83
  • Vandenbroeck, P.; Vermet, B.; Koldeweij, A.M., Jheronimus Bosch: alle schilderijen en tekeningen (Rotterdam 2001), 81
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks See also: http://boschproject.org

Single piece (front) of [773] Memorial painting with the Crucifixion and the devotional portrait of a man

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Crucifixion with devotional portrait of a man and St Peter
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 75 x 61 x 0
Date
Year ca.1490
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification Dendrochronological analysis suggests that the panel could have been painted from 1477 onwards. Stylistically the painting is probably from the 1490s.
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Brussels, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium
Collection The Museum of Ancient Art
Collection identifier 6639
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Bosch, Jheronimus
Attribution
Specification
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait to the right of the cross
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black headgear, black cape, red and black striped hose, cloak
Attributes
Attributes
  • sword
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed person has not yet been identified and even his social position is a mystery. He wears no spurs, therefore he was not likely to be a nobleman. The sword may mean he held some kind of military position. The striped hose in particular has not been definitively connected to a particular function, but could be an important clue. See Ilsink (2016).

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Peter
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • tools/instruments (incl. keys)/materials (part of)
Specification keys
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
  • pointing to a commemorated person
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The two saints to the left of the cross, the Virgin Mary and John the Evangelist, are part of the standard iconography of the Crucifixion. They do not act as patron saints.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 1872
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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