Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial sculpture with scenes from the Passion of Christ and the devotional portrait of a male member of a convent

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 803
Name Memorial sculpture with scenes from the Passion of Christ and the devotional portrait of a male member of a convent
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Afferden, H.H. Cosmas en Damianuskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Single piece (sculpture)
Short description Sculpture (reliefs) showing scenes from the Passion of Christ with devotional portrait
Remarks about category No separation between portrait(s) - religious image
General date
General date 1400-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [594] HH. Cosmas en Damianuskerk (SS Cosmas and Damian's Church), Afferden
Arguments
Specification The reliefs were produced outside the Netherlands but may have been located in this institution before 1580, see Provenance
Original institution [715] St. Agathaklooster, Kruisheren (St Agatha's Monastery, Crutched Friars), Sint Agatha
Arguments
Specification The reliefs were produced outside the Netherlands but may have been located in this institution before 1580, see Provenance
Still in original institution?
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [2013] unknown male member of a convent (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification alabaster
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 800 x 750 x 0
Completeness The relief of the Crucifixion was originally surmounted by Gothic tracery, which was cut off in the 17th century (see Additional Remarks at the bottom of this page)
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks The reliefs were almost certainly made in England. In the Middle Ages, alabaster reliefs like these were produced in large numbers in Nottingham.
Provenance
Provenance The reliefs were probably transferred from England to the Netherlands in the 16th century. Henk van Os (see Wijers) suggests that perhaps they were taken by English monks who fled to St Agatha's Monastery near Cuijck. There they were stolen by Dirk Schenk van Nijdeggen (d. 1661), who donated the reliefs to the church in Afferden. Mialaret, however, mentions that the reliefs were donated to the church by Dirk van der Lippe named Hoen van Blijenbeek in 1542.
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Donker, J.G, De kerk en de kapel van Afferden (L.) (Afferden 1996)
  • Mialaret, J.H.A., De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst V. De provincie Limburg, 2e stuk: Noord-Limburg (The Hague 1937), 21
  • Wijers, A.G.W., De kerk van Afferden (L.), http://members.home.nl/tonwijers/landgoedbleijenbeek/index22e.html
Other documentation
Documentation in the SKKN (Stichting Kerkelijk Kunstbezit in Nederland), Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The seven Gothic reliefs that depict the Passion of Christ originate from a 15th-century altarpiece. In the 17th century the reliefs were rearranged and incorporated in a Baroque altarpiece, which was commissioned by Dirk Schenk van Nijdeggen (d. 1661) and Anna Margaretha van Nassau-Cortenbach-Grimhuizen (d. 1668). Their coats of arms were originally shown on the predella but are currently held by the statuettes of two male saints.

Single piece (front) of [803] Memorial sculpture with scenes from the Passion of Christ and the devotional portrait of a male member of a convent

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Scenes from the Passion of Christ with devotional portrait of a male member of a convent
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 60 x 30 x 0
Date
Year 1400-1500
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
Specification
Additional remarks The reliefs date from the 15th century; the housing is from the 17th century. According to local legend the reliefs date from 1542 or 1562, but this is incorrect. It may however relate to the date when the reliefs were moved to the Afferden church.
Holding institution
Holding institution Afferden, H.H. Cosmas en Damianuskerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The altarpiece containing the reliefs is placed on the high altar
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the relief with the Entombment: lower right corner
Portrait of
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description habit with cowl
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Probably a Crutched Friar (Kruisheer)

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2013
Personal details
Name unknown male member of a convent
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Crutched Friars
Specification Probably a Crutched Friar (Kruisheer)
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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