Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Johan de Gruyter

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 81
Name Floor slab of Johan de Gruyter
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Large stone slab with a quatrefoil in which trefoils and two heraldic shields suspended from tracery by guiges
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1475-1525
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated person was a canon at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation In 1468, Johan de Gruyter arranged to be buried in the 'kapel van Van Diepholt' (chapel of Van Diepholt)
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious
Grave findings Objects found during the 1922-25 restoration of the Van Diepholt burial vault: a fragment (ca. 1 metre) of a crosier, a gold ring with a blue cut stone and a bishop's mitre of silk damask with a silver border (now in the Centraal Museum, Utrecht).
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Johan de Gruyter
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [3346] Johan de Gruyter (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of the commemorated party: the slab shows the allied arms of Johan de Gruyter's parents
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 304 x 172 x 0
Completeness Complete
Condition In overall good condition. The slab may never have contained an inscription: Buchelius does not make mention of one.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 63; no. 14
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 28; fol. 16v
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 281, 341; no. 27
  • Haslinghuis, E.J.; Peeters, C.J.A.C., De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, dl. II, De provincie Utrecht, Eerste stuk, De gemeente Utrecht, Tweede aflevering, De Dom van Utrecht ('s-Gravenhage 1965), 382; no. 59
  • Muller Fz., S., De beelden der graftombe van bisschop Rudolf van Diepholt, De Nederlandsche Musea 1 (1916), , 3
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 967-66, photo no. 967-66_1; Het Utrechts Archief: cat. no. 82861
Additional remarks
Additional remarks In 1468, Johan de Gruyter arranged to be buried in the chapel of Van Diepholt. Bishop Rudolf van Diepholt (1377-1455) was the grandfather of Johan de Gruyter. The chapel originally housed the tomb of the bishop, which is missing since the 17th century.

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [81] Floor slab of Johan de Gruyter

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Large stone slab with a quatrefoil in which trefoils and two heraldic shields suspended from tracery by guiges
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 304 x 172 x 0
Date
Year 1499
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date of death (from other sources)
Specification date of death as mentioned in literature
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the 'kapel van Van Diepholt' (chapel of Van Diepholt), currently also known as the 'Dagkapel'
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry inside the quatrefoil, on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield a buckle, in a chief three roses in fess (een gesp, in een schildhoofd drie rozen naast elkaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from tracery by guiges
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to De Gruyter
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry inside the quatrefoil, on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield an eagle displayed and in chief a crowned lion passant guardant (een adelaar, boven vergezeld van een gekroonde, gaande en aanziende leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Suspended from tracery by guiges
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Diepholt
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • geometric patterns
  • flowers/plants
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) quatrefoil decorated with trefoils and tracery
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 3346
Personal details
Name Johan de Gruyter
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1499/09/15
Additional remarks Son of Gijsbert de Gruyter and Anna van Diepholt, who was the legitimate daughter of bishop Rudolf van Diepholt. His parents were buried in the Buurkerk in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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