Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Memorial texts and heraldic shields of Adriaan Ram I and Adriaan Ram II

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 847
Name Memorial texts and heraldic shields of Adriaan Ram I and Adriaan Ram II
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Memorial tablet
Short description Pillar with three inscriptions and four heraldic shields
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1500-1550
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated persons were canons at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • near an altar
  • near another memorial object for the commemorated person(s) or relatives
  • on a pillar
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) The pillar is located on the northeast side of the crossing. The pillar was originally decorated with a now missing statue of St Adrian (1525), in memory of Adriaan Ram I.
Additional remarks The floor slab of Adriaan Ram I (d. 1518) and his nephew Adriaan Ram II (d. 1550) is situated at the foot of the pillar. The two canons were buried in front of the altar of the Ten Thousand Martyrs.
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial sculpture; commemorating a family
Change in function
Remarks about function argument for functions: memorial texts on the pillar
Name Adriaan Ram I and Adriaan Ram II
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [4006] Adriaan Ram II (male)
  • [4007] Adriaan Ram I (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification uncle and nephew: Adriaan Ram II was the son of Michiel Ram, the brother of Adriaan Ram I
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: texts on the pillar
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification
Traces of polychromy? yes
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness The sculpture of St Adrian is missing
Condition In reasonable condition
Conservation The texts have been retouched
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
Specification second memorial text of Adriaan Ram II added
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Booth, C., Genealogische aantekeningen vervolgd van Buchel ( )
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 116-117; K, L
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 22; fol. 13v
  • Bueren, T. van, Gebeeldhouwde nagedachtenis in de Domstad, in: Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse beelden uit Utrecht 1430-1530 (Utrecht/Antwerpen 2012), 30-47, 38, 42
  • Calcoen, G.G., Beschrijving van den Dom of St. Maartenskerk te Utrecht ( 1897)
  • Doornbusch, E.; Meuwissen, D., De Domkerk, in: , Zorg voor het hier en het hiernamaals: memorievoorstellingen in enkele middeleeuwse Utrechtse kerken (Utrecht 1996), , 56-61
  • Groot, A. de, Beelden in de Dom van Utrecht, Nederlands kunsthistorisch jaarboek 45 (1994), 38-97
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 137-138, 140, 287, 342; no. 62
  • Haslinghuis, E.J.; Peeters, C.J.A.C., De Nederlandse monumenten van geschiedenis en kunst II. De provincie Utrecht, 1e stuk: De gemeente Utrecht, afl. 2: de Dom van Utrecht (The Hague 1965), 398-399; 3, 4
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no. 967-253; inv. no. 967-254
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Three memorial texts are inscribed on the pillar; one dedicated to Adriaan Ram I and two dedicated to his younger nephew. The fact that the latter is commemorated twice is explained by Doornbusch and Meuwissen (1996), who show that the coat of arms of Charles V was attached to the pillar for quite some time, covering the memorial text of Adriaan Ram II on the right-hand side of the pillar (as can be seen on a drawing by Saenredam of 1636, cat.nr. T.A. He 22, Gemeentelijke Archiefdienst Utrecht). The executors of the will of Adriaan Ram II may therefore have had the pillar inscribed with a second memorial text, below that of his uncle (bottom left).

Single piece (front) of [847] Memorial texts and heraldic shields of Adriaan Ram I and Adriaan Ram II

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Short description
Short description Pillar with three inscriptions and four heraldic shields
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth
Date
Year 1500-1550
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • date of death given on the object
Specification dates of death of the commemorated persons (1518 and 1550); archival documents (1540, see Inscriptions)
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The pillar is located on the northeast side of the crossing, near the floor slab of the commemorated persons
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Filiation
Filiation Adriaan Ram I is commemorated together with his parents and siblings in ‘Remnants of a memorial piece of the Ram-Van Hoven family’, see MeMO Memorial Object ID 854
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry between the texts on the left-hand-side of the pillar
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In [colour] a contourny [colour] ram's head; polychromy lost (In [kleur] een omgewende [kleur] ramskop; polychromie verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Ram
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This shield accompanies the memorial text of Adriaan Ram I
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the texts on the left-hand side of the pillar, left-hand shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In [colour] a contourny [colour] ram's head; polychromy lost (In [kleur] een omgewende [kleur] ramskop; polychromie verdwenen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Ram
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks This shield accompanies the second memorial text of Adriaan Ram II
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the texts on the left-hand side of the pillar, right-hand shield
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield In [colour] a [colour] chevron between three [colour] saltirels, 2-1 (In [kleur] een [kleur] keper, vergezeld van drie [kleur] schuinkruisjes, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van der Hove
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • This shield accompanies the second memorial text of Adriaan Ram II. • The Van der Hove family was the family of Adriaan Ram II's paternal grandmother. Doornbusch and Meuwissen (1996) suggest that Adriaan chose to depict the shield of this grandmother in an attempt to obscure the humble descent of the family on his mother’s side. The latter family carried a simple shield, while the shield of the distinguished family of his paternal grandmother was much more elaborate.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry below the text on the right-hand side of the pillar
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: in [colour] a caboshed [colour] ram's head; II: in [colour] six [colour] trees (?), 3-1-2 (Gedeeld, I: in [kleur] een aanziende [kleur] ramskop; II: in [kleur] zes [kleur] boompjes (?), 3-1-2)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Ram-Splinter-Jacobsz.
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • This is the per pale shield of the parents of Adriaan Ram II. It accompanies the first memorial text for Adriaan Ram II; his second memorial text (bottom left) is accompanied by the shield of his own family and that of the family of his paternal grandmother. See the shields in question. • This shield has a fairly distinctive shape. Doornbusch and Meuwissen (1996) propose the possibility that the nice shape was meant to distract attention from the humble descent of the family that carried the shield.

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription left-hand side of the pillar, first text from the top
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription In den jaer MCCCCC XVIII opten XXII dach junii sterf meister Adriaen Ram, doctor in beyden rechten, canonick ten Doem, proist van Leyden hier begraven.
Translation
English translation In the year 1518 on the 22nd day of June died master Adriaan Ram, doctor in both laws, canon at the Dom Church, provost of Leiden, buried here.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [4007] Adriaan Ram I (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text. • The inscription is in Middle Dutch. Memorial texts for members of the clergy were generally written in Latin.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription text on the right-hand side of the pillar
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription In den jaer MVC [ ] opten [ ] dach sterf d[.] jonge[.] [...] Adrijaen Ram sijn broedersoen oeck canonick ten Dom Tutrecht, sijn hier begraven.
Translation
English translation In the year 15[ ] on the [ ] day died [the] young [...] Adriaan Ram, his brother's son, also canon at the Utrecht Dom Church, [they] are buried here.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [4006] Adriaan Ram II (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Original memorial text of Adriaan Ram II. His date of death was provided for but has not been filled in; this probably means that Adriaan had the text inscribed before his death. According to Doornbusch and Meuwissen (1996), the text may date from 1540, when the chapter granted Adriaan II permission to be buried in front of the altar of the Ten Thousand Martyrs. • The inscription is in Middle Dutch. Memorial texts for members of the clergy were generally written in Latin.
Indication of part
Indication of part Single piece (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription left-hand side of the pillar, second text from the top
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer MCCCCC ende L opten XVII dach van meij sterf meijster Adriaen Ram, canonick ten Doem zijn neef hier beyde begraven.
Translation
English translation In the year 1500 and 50 on the 17th day of May died master Adriaan Ram, canon at the Dom Church, his nephew, both buried here.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Gothic textualis
Inscription mentioning
Name [4006] Adriaan Ram II (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Memorial text of Adriaan Ram II which was added at a later date. • The inscription is in Middle Dutch. Memorial texts for members of the clergy were generally written in Latin.

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4006
Personal details
Name Adriaan Ram II
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1501
Year/date of death 1550/05/17
Additional remarks Son of Michiel Ram, nephew of Adriaan Ram I. Buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 4007
Personal details
Name Adriaan Ram I
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1464
Year/date of death 1518/06/22
Additional remarks Son of Aernt Ram and Aecht Aernt van Hovendr. Uncle of Adriaan Ram II, the son of his brother Michiel. Doctor of canon and civil law. He lived in a house at the Kromme Nieuwe Gracht in Utrecht, which was later bought by Adriaan Florisz., also known as Pope Adrian VI. He visited Rome in 1485. Adriaan was buried in the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification prebendary at the chapter of the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk in Utrecht from 1485; canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk from 1489; official at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk; provost of West Friesland; provost of the St. Pancraskerk (St Pancras's Church) in Leiden from 1517; shortly before his death he became vicar general of bishop Philip of Burgundy
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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