Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Stained-glass window with Elijah’s Sacrifice and the Washing of the Disciples’ Feet and the devotional portrait of Margaret of Parma

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 876
Name Stained-glass window with Elijah’s Sacrifice and the Washing of the Disciples’ Feet and the devotional portrait of Margaret of Parma
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Gouda, Janskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Stained-glass panel or window
Short description Stained-glass window showing Elijah’s Sacrifice and the Washing of the Disciples’ Feet with devotional portrait, inscription, heraldic shield and saint
Remarks about category Portrait(s) in separate composition(s)
General date
General date 1550-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Crabeth, Wouter
Original institution(s)
Original institution [216] Grote of St. Johannes de Doperkerk (St. Janskerk) (St John the Baptist's Church (St. Janskerk)), Gouda
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the (side) aisle
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) south aisle
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • historical
Specification
Additional remarks The inscription and/or decoration refer to historical fact(s), i.e. the donation of the stained-glass window
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function Indirect commemorative function: the installation of the window was part of the building campaign after a fire destroyed the St. Janskerk in 1552
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Margaret of Parma
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [2314] Margaret of Parma (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name Margaret of Parma
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [2314] Margaret of Parma (female)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The churchwardens of the St. Janskerk (St John's Church) approached potential donors with the request to donate a stained-glass window
Material(s)
  • glass
Specification glass; lead
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 1880 x 460 x 0
Completeness
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • heraldry added
Specification The coat of arms in the lower left corner is a modern addition, dating from the 20th century. It belongs to the person who financed the restoration of the window.
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The stained-glass window has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bosch, R.A., De 72 glazen van de Sint Janskerk in Gouda (Delft 2008), 98-99
  • Coebergh-Surie, C.E.; Eck, X. van; Gasten, A.C., The stained-glass windows in the Sint Janskerk at Gouda: the works of Dirck and Wouter Crabeth (Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Netherlands, pt II) (Amsterdam 2002), 97-103, 188-194
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The upper section of the window shows Elijah’s Sacrifice. The Washing of the Disciples’ Feet is depicted in the centre.

Stained-glass panel or window of [876] Stained-glass window with Elijah’s Sacrifice and the Washing of the Disciples’ Feet and the devotional portrait of Margaret of Parma

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Short description
Short description Elijah’s Sacrifice and the Washing of the Disciples’ Feet with devotional portrait of Margaret of Parma, inscription, heraldic shield and St Margaret
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 1880 x 460 x 0
Date
Year 1563
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date given on the lower section of the window; documents
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Gouda, Janskerk
Collection
Collection identifier window no. 23
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The window is located in the south aisle
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Crabeth, Wouter
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification document(s)
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, on the right
Portrait of
Name Margaret of Parma
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu, folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description gold-coloured dress and coat with ermine lining
Attributes
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
Specification closed book
Insignia
Insignia
  • insignia
Specification crown
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Margaret of Parma was governor of the Netherlands in the period 1559-1567

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, above cartouche
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Oval shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale I: in gold six blue fleurs-de-lys (1-2-2-1); II: per pale 1: in red a silver fess; 2: bendy gold and blue and a red bordure - (Gedeeld I: in goud zes blauwe lelies (1-2-2-1); II: gedeeld 1: in rood een zilveren dwarsbalk; 2: geschuinbalkt van blauw en goud en een rode zoom)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Parma-Austria-Burgundy
Person details
Person details
  • [2314] Margaret of Parma (female)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower section of the window, left-hand side, on cartouche
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Domina Margarita ab Austria, divi Caroli V imperatoris semper Augusti filia, Parmae ac Placentiae, Castrique et Pennae ducissa Novariaque domina, nec non pro potentissimo Hispaniarum catholico rege Philippo fratre Inferioris Germaniae regens ac gubernatrix, christianae pietatis divinique cultus observantissima, ad ecclesiae huius ornatum hoc vitrum donavit. Anno Domini MDLXII.
Translation
English translation Lady Margaret of Austria, daughter of the divine Charles V, the always august emperor, duchess of Parma and Piacenza, Castro and Penna, lady of Novara, and also regent and governess of Germania Inferior for Philip, the most powerful Catholic king of Spain, her brother, patroness of christian piety and divine worship, has donated this window to decorate this church. In the year of the Lord 1562.
Dutch translation Vrouwe Margaretha van Oostenrijk, dochter van de goddelijke Karel V, de altijd verheven keizer, hertogin van Parma en Piacenza, Castro en Penna, en vrouwe van Novara, en tevens regentes en bestuurster van Neder-Germanië namens Philips, de zeer machtige katholieke koning van Spanje, haar broer, sterk bevorderaarster van de christelijke vroomheid en de goddelijke eredienst, heeft dit glas geschonken tot versiering van deze kerk. In het jaar des Heren 1562.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [2314] Margaret of Parma (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [2264] Philip II of Spain (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [5622] Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Additional remarks
Additional remarks For 'Novariaque' read 'Novariaeque'.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Margaret
Sex female
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification name saint of Margaret of Parma
Attributes
  • cross(es)
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
  • text carrier (e.g. book)
Specification dragon; book; crucifix
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2264
Personal details
Name Philip II of Spain
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1527/05/21
Year/date of death 1598/09/13
Additional remarks Son of Charles V and Isabella of Portugal.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
Specification King of Spain, Portugal, France, Naples and Sicily; Lord of the Seventeen Provinces, 1556-1581; King of England and Ireland during his marriage to Mary Tudor. Member of the Order of the Golden Fleece.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2314
Personal details
Name Margaret of Parma
Sex female
Year/date of birth 1522/12/28
Year/date of death 1586/01/18
Additional remarks Illegitimate daughter of Charles V and Johanna Maria van der Gheynst. Half-sister of Philip II of Spain. Wife of Alexander de Medici, Duke of Florence, and Ottavio Farnese, Duke of Parma.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
  • identification of the person (portrayed, mentioned in text or owning the coat of arms)
Specification Governor of the Netherlands in the period 1559-1567; Duchess of Parma and Piacenza
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 5622
Personal details
Name Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1500/02/24
Year/date of death 1558/09/21
Additional remarks Descendant of the House of Habsburg. Eldest son of Philip the Fair and Joanna the Mad. He married his first cousin Isabella of Portugal on 10 March 1526.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Duke of Burgundy, Lord of the Netherlands (1506-1556, since 1543 of all regions, including Friesland since 1524); Count Palatine of Burgundy (1506-1555); King of Spain (1516-1556); King of Italy (1519-1556); Holy Roman Emperor (1519-1556).
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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