Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Stained-glass window with the Punishment of Temple Robber Heliodorus and the devotional portrait of Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 878
Name Stained-glass window with the Punishment of Temple Robber Heliodorus and the devotional portrait of Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Gouda, Janskerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Stained-glass panel or window
Short description Stained-glass window showing the Punishment of Temple Robber Heliodorus with devotional portrait, inscriptions, coats of arms and saint
Remarks about category Portrait(s) in separate composition(s)
General date
General date 1550-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Crabeth, Wouter
Original institution(s)
Original institution [216] Grote of St. Johannes de Doperkerk (St. Janskerk) (St John the Baptist's Church (St. Janskerk)), Gouda
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the (side) aisle
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) north aisle
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • historical
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks The inscription and/or decoration refer to historical fact(s), i.e. the donation of the stained-glass window
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function Indirect commemorative function: the installation of the window was part of the building campaign after a fire destroyed the St. Janskerk in 1552
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [2358] Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons not applicable (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Composition of the commissioning party
  • single person
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
  • [2358] Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (male)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks The churchwardens of the St. Janskerk (St John's Church) approached potential donors with the request to donate a stained-glass window
Material(s)
  • glass
Specification glass; lead
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 1360 x 470 x 0
Completeness
Condition This is one of the best preserved stained-glass windows in the Janskerk
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The stained-glass window has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bosch, R.A., De 72 glazen van de Sint Janskerk in Gouda (Delft 2008), 48-51
  • Eck, X. van; Gasten, A.C.; Coebergh-Surie, C.E., The stained-glass windows in the Sint Janskerk at Gouda: the works of Dirck and Wouter Crabeth (Corpus Vitrearum Medii Aevi, Netherlands, pt II) (Amsterdam 2002), 109-116, 201-205
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Several genealogical errors made in the lower section of the window: coats of arms are swapped or mirrored

Stained-glass panel or window of [878] Stained-glass window with the Punishment of Temple Robber Heliodorus and the devotional portrait of Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Short description
Short description Punishment of Temple Robber Heliodorus with devotional portrait of Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg, inscriptions, seventeen coats of arms and St Lawrence
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 1360 x 470 x 0
Date
Year 1566
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date given on the lower section of the window
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Gouda, Janskerk
Collection
Collection identifier window no. 8
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The window is located in the north aisle
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Crabeth, Wouter
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
  • style
Specification attribution(s) on stylistic grounds; documents
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, on the left
Portrait of
Name Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
  • based on heraldry on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu, folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description suit of armour, coat of mill, purple coat with ermine lining
Attributes
Attributes
  • armour
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
  • sword
Specification plumed helmet; gauntlets; sword; shield; halberd; open book
Insignia
Insignia
  • insignia
Specification crown
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The portrayed man was Prince of Calenberg and Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, in the centre, to the right of the portrait
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly I: in red two gold passant lions in pale; II: in gold a blue lion and eight red hearts in orle; III: in red a crowned silver lion; IV: in red a crowned gold lion and a compony bordure silver and blue - (Gevierendeeld I: in rood twee gouden gaande leeuwen, boven elkaar; II: in goud een blauwe leeuw, vergezeld van acht zoomsgewijs geplaatste rode harten; III: in rood een gekroonde zilveren leeuw; IV: in rood een gekroonde gouden leeuw, een van zilver en blauw geblokte schildzoom)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Person details
Person details
  • [2358] Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (male)
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, left-hand-column, first from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly I: in red two gold passant lions in pale; II: in gold a blue lion and eight red hearts in orle; III: in red a crowned silver lion; IV: in red a crowned gold lion and a compony bordure silver and blue - (Gevierendeeld I: in rood twee gouden gaande leeuwen, boven elkaar; II: in goud een blauwe leeuw, vergezeld van acht zoomsgewijs geplaatste rode harten; III: in rood een gekroonde zilveren leeuw; IV: in rood een gekroonde gouden leeuw, een van zilver en blauw geblokte schildzoom)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Henry II of Brunswick
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Paternal arms
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, left-hand-column, second from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a contourny gold beaked and membered red eagle, on each wing a gold clover branch; escutcheon: in blue a palewise silver handled gold scepter - (In zilver een omgewende goud gebekte en gepote rode adelaar, elke vleugel beladen met een gouden klaverstengel; hartschild: in blauw wapenschild een paalsgewijs geplaatste gouden scepter met zilveren staf)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Frederick of Nuremberg
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Frederick of Nuremberg is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, left-hand column, third from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly I and IV: in silver two affronty red salmons palewise; II: in gold a springing black hart; III: in gold a contourny springing black hart - (Gevierendeeld I en IV: in zilver twee verticaal geplaatste toegewende rode zalmen; II: in goud een springend zwart hert; III: in goud een omgewende springend zwart hert)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Henry of Stolberg
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Henry of Stolberg is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, left-hand-column, fourth from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly I and IV: barry of eight silver and red; II and III: lozengy silver and red - (Gevierendeeld I en IV: gedwarsbalkt van acht stukken van zilver en rood; II en III: geruit van zilver en rood)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Elisabeth of Mansfeldt
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • This coat of arms has been swapped with that of Schwarzburg (left-hand side, right-hand column, third from the top).
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, right-hand column, first from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale I: per fess a: in gold a black griffin; b: checky red and blue; II: in silver a gold beaked and membered red griffin - (Gedeeld I: doorsneden a: in goud een zwarte griffioen; b: geschaakt van rood en blauw; II: in zilver een goud gebekte en gepote rode griffioen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sophie of Pomerania
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • This coat of arms is not correct; the correct version of I would show: a) half a silver griffin; b) checky silver and blue.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, right-hand column, second from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Contourny fusilly bendy silver and blue - (Links schuin gespitsruit van zilver en blauw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Elisabeth of Bavaria-Landshut is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, right-hand column, third from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In blue a crowned gold lion - (In blauw een rood getongde gouden leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Schwarzburg
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • This coat of arms has been swapped with that of Elisabeth of Mansfeldt (left-hand side, left-hand column, fourth from the top)
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, left-hand side, right-hand column, fourth from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a gold beaked black eagle, on its breast a gold star above and a silver crescent under - (In zilver een goud gebekte zwarte adelaar, op de borst beladen met boven een gouden ster en onder een zilveren wassenaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Sagan
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Paternal arms. • From a genealogical point of view, this coat of arms is not correct; the coat of arms of Catherine of Brunswick ought to have been depicted here.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, left-hand column, first from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a contourny gold beaked and membered red eagle, on each wing a gold clover branch; escutcheon: in blue a palewise silver handled gold scepter - (In zilver een omgewende goud gebekte en gepote rode adelaar, elke vleugel beladen met een gouden klaverstengel; hartschild: in blauw wapenschild een paalsgewijs geplaatste gouden scepter met zilveren staf)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Albrecht of Brandenburg
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Maternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Albrecht of Brandenburg is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, left-hand column, second from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Barry of ten gold and black, over all a green rue garland in bend - (Gedwarsbalkt van tien stukken goud en zwart en over alles een schuingeplaatste groene ruitkrans)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to William of Saxony-Thuringia
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Maternal arms
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, left-hand column, third from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In gold, powdered with red hearts, three contourny blue lions passant in pale - (In goud, bezaaid met rode harten, drie omgewende blauwe gaande leeuwen boven elkaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Christian I of Denmark
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Maternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Christian I of Denmark is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, left-hand column, fourth from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Barry of ten gold and black, over all a green rue garland in bend - (Gedwarsbalkt van tien stukken goud en zwart en over alles een schuingeplaatste groene ruitkrans)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Ernst of Saxony
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Maternal arms
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, right-hand colomn, first from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly I and IV: compony red and silver; II and III: in gold a red sinister bend - (Gevierendeeld I en IV: geblokt van rood en zilver; II en III: in goud een linkerschuinbalk)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Margaret of Baden
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Maternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Margaret of Baden is mirrored.
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, right-hand colomn, second from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In red a gold crowned and langued silver two-tailed lion - (In rood een goud gekroonde en getongde zilveren dubbelstaartige leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Bohemen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Maternal arms. • From a genealogical point of view, this coat of arms is not correct; the coat of arms of the Austrian Habsburgs ought to have been depicted here (in red a silver fess).
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, right-hand column, third from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield In silver a contourny gold beaked and membered red eagle, on each wing a gold clover branch; escutcheon: in blue a palewise silver handled gold scepter - (In zilver een omgewende goud gebekte en gepote rode adelaar, elke vleugel beladen met een gouden klaverstengel; hartschild: in blauw wapenschild een paalsgewijs geplaatste gouden scepter met zilveren staf)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Dorothea of Brandenburg
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Maternal arms
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower section of the window, right-hand side, right-hand column, fourth from the top
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield High gothic shield
Specification
Description of the shield Barry and bendy sinister silver and blue - (Gedwarsbalkt en links geschuinbalkt van zilver en blauw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest present
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Elisabeth of Bavaria
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks • Maternal arms. • On the glass, the coat of arms of Elisabeth of Bavaria is mirrored.

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower section of the window, on banderole above the portrait
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Ex duris gloria.
Translation
English translation Glory from suffering.
Dutch translation Roem uit ontbering.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Motto of Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower section of the window, elongated cartouche above the portrait
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Illustrissimus Ericus, Dei gratia dux Brunswicensis et Luneburgensis, princeps imperii, baro Lysfeldii, dominus in Woerden et cetera, catholicae religionis ergo dono dedit 1566.
Translation
English translation The most illustrious Eric (Erik), by God's grace Duke of Brunswick and Lüneburg, Prince of the Empire, Baron of Liesveld, Lord of Woerden etcetera, has given this window as a present for the sake of the Catholic religion in 1566.
Dutch translation De zeer luisterrijke Eric (Erik), bij Gods genade hertog van Braunschweig en Lüneburg, rijksvorst, baron van Liesveld, heer van Woerden etcetera, heeft dit raam ten geschenke gegeven ter wille van de katholieke godsdienst in 1566.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [2358] Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg (male)
Sex male
Argumentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The inscription refers to the fact that the portrayed person, who was lord of Woerden, re-established Catholic worship in Woerden in 1566

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait Behind or near the portrayed person(s)
Specification of saint
Name Lawrence
Sex male
Type of saint
  • unknown
Specification
Attributes
  • flowers/plants/trees (parts/products of)
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
Specification dalmatic; gridiron; palm branch
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2358
Personal details
Name Eric II of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1528/08/10
Year/date of death 1584/11/17
Additional remarks Born in Erichsburg (Germany), died in Pavia (Italy). Son of Eric I and Elisabeth of Brandenburg. Husband of Dorothea of Lorraine. The couple remained childless.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • according to literature
Specification Prince of Calenberg; Duke of Brunswick (Braunschweig) and Lüneburg; Lord of Woerden; Baron of Liesveld.
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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