Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Wing of a memorial painting with the Lamentation over the Dead Christ, the Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist and the portraits of members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and others

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 913
Name Wing of a memorial painting with the Lamentation over the Dead Christ, the Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist and the portraits of members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and others
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Wing(s) of a former diptych/triptych/polyptych
Short description Wing showing the Lamentation over the Dead Christ and the Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist with portraits
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1475-1500
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Geertgen tot Sint Jans
Original institution(s)
Original institution [288] St. Jansconvent, Johannieters (Convent of St John, Knights Hospitallers), Haarlem
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification Mentioned in the estate inventories of the convent of 1573, 1606 and 1625. Also mentioned by Van Mander.
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ?
(Probable) original location
  • on an altar
Argumentation document(s): on the high altar
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • social
  • historical
  • liturgical/religious
Specification
Additional remarks • The triptych functioned as altarpiece on the high altar in the Convent of St John in Haarlem. • The triptych probably had a historical function, commemorating a history within the Order of St John of Jerusalem concerning a relic of St John the Baptist. • For social function: see Commemorated party. • No information is available about possible other functions: the wing belonged to an ensemble of which the complete composition is unknown; memorial text(s) may be missing.
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name five members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and eight other persons
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [2549] five members of the Haarlem Convent of St John (male)
  • [6789] Claas van Ruyven (male)
  • [6788] unknown man (male)
  • [6787] six unknown men (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons members of a religious order
Relation specification Five Haarlem members of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitallers or 'Jansheren'). These conventuals and the other eight portrayed persons had some relation, but the exact nature of this relation is unknown. The lay men may have been members of the council of Haarlem.
Additional remarks The interior wing may show one portrait. The exterior wing shows twelve portraits, which are arranged around the grave of St John. The figures who take part in the procession - in the centre and upper right of the panel - are not portraits.
Name members of the Haarlem Convent of St John
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a religious order
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
  • [288] St. Jansconvent, Johannieters (Convent of St John, Knights Hospitallers), Haarlem
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party was the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • wood (panel)
Specification oil on panel
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth
Completeness Incomplete: right wing of a former triptych. The front and back of the original wing had already been separated in 1606, see Van Bueren (Hilversum 1993). The triptych may have had a memorial text and heraldry on the frame(s) and/or a separate text panel.
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
  • dating by dendrochronology
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance See literature: Van Bueren (Hilversum 1993)
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bruyn, J., Een gedachtenisvenster voor Claes van Ruyven en Geertgen tot Sint Jans’ Johannespaneel te Wenen, Oud-Holland 122 (2009), 81-119, 84-92, 99-105
  • Bueren, T. van, Memorial practices and the networks of the Convent of St John in Haarlem, in: Lieven, J.; Schlagheck, M.; Welzel, B., Netzwerke der Memoria (Essen 2013), 191-210, 204-205
  • Bueren, T. van, Tot lof van Haarlem: het beleid van de stad Haarlem ten aanzien van de kunstwerken uit de geconfisqueerde geestelijke instellingen (Hilversum 1993), 373-379, 384-390
  • Miedema, H., Karel van Mander. The lives of the illustrious Netherlandish and German painters. Vol. I (Doornspijk 1994); 206r
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Interior right wing of [913] Wing of a memorial painting with the Lamentation over the Dead Christ, the Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist and the portraits of members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and others

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing
Short description
Short description Lamentation over the Dead Christ with a possible portrait
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 175 x 139 x 0
Date
Year ca.1484
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on historical and/or technical research
  • based on stylistic research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology; historical facts
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 991
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Geertgen tot Sint Jans
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; documents
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Exterior right wing of [913] Wing of a memorial painting with the Lamentation over the Dead Christ, the Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist and the portraits of members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and others

Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing
Short description
Short description The Burning of the Bones of St John the Baptist with portraits of five members of the Haarlem Convent of St John and seven others
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 172 x 139 x 0
Date
Year ca.1484
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • based on historical and/or technical research
Specification date based on stylistic analysis; dendrochronology; historical facts
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Vienna, Kunsthistorisches Museum
Collection Gemäldegalerie
Collection identifier 993
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Geertgen tot Sint Jans
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification mentioned by Van Mander; documents
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Interior right wing
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait first man from the right, in the background
Portrait of
Name unknown man
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black garment and headgear
Attributes
Attributes
Specification white cloth (shroud) hanging over his arm
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks This may be a portrait
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait near the grave, five men on the left
Portrait of
Name five members of the Haarlem Convent of St John
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of a member of a convent/religious order
Short description black headgear, black habit and a black cloak which displays a white Maltese cross on the left
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks The men are members of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitallers or ‘Jansheren’ in Dutch)
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait near the grave, back row, fourth man from the left
Portrait of
Name Claas van Ruyven
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification resemblance to other portrait
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black headgear and brown garment
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks See Bruyn (2009)
Indication of part
Indication of part Exterior right wing
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait near the grave, six men on the right
Portrait of
Name six unknown men
Sex male
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description brown and black garments
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2549
Personal details
Name five members of the Haarlem Convent of St John
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status member of a convent/religious order
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order Knights Hospitallers (Knights of St John)
Specification Members of the Order of St John of Jerusalem (Knights Hospitallers or ‘Jansheren' in Dutch). They were attached to the Jansklooster (Convent of St John) in Haarlem.
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6787
Personal details
Name six unknown men
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6788
Personal details
Name unknown man
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6789
Personal details
Name Claas van Ruyven
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1446
Year/date of death 1492
Additional remarks His family belonged to the administrative elite of Haarlem and had ties with the Jansklooster (Convent of St John). Claas was married to Maria van Cats. He was murdered in Haarlem in 1492, during the revolt of the 'cheese and bread people' (kaas-en broodvolk).
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification steward and bailiff of Kennemerland (from 1471); orphan master, alderman and sheriff of Haarlem (from 1477-1480)
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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