Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Dormition of the Virgin with devotional portraits of the Brunt family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 922
Name Dormition of the Virgin with devotional portraits of the Brunt family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Amsterdam, Oude Kerk
Category
Type Memorial item (physical object)
Classification Stained-glass panel or window
Short description Stained-glass window showing the Dormition of the Virgin with devotional portraits, inscription, heraldic shields and saints
Remarks about category Portrait(s) in separate composition(s)
General date
General date 1550-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Crabeth, Dirck
  • Jansz., Pieter
Original institution(s)
Original institution [16] St. Nicolaaskerk (Oude Kerk) (St Nicholas's Church (Old Church)), Amsterdam
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in a chapel
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location) The window is located in the Mariakapel (chapel of Mary). Two of the portrayed women were buried in this chapel.
Additional remarks
Memorial piece
Function
  • liturgical/religious
  • social
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function
Grave findings
Additional remarks
Original function memorial piece; commemorating a family; decoration of church (indirect memorial function)
Change in function
Remarks about function arguments for functions: children portrayed as deceased; historical facts
Name Brunt family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [6837] Trijn, wife of Cornelis Brunt (female)
  • [2577] Gijsbert Brunt (male)
  • [2575] Reinier Brunt (male)
  • [2578] Lijsbeth Cornelisdr. Brunt (female)
  • [2574] Cornelis Brunt (male)
  • [6836] two prematurely deceased sons of the Brunt family (male)
  • [2576] Hillegont Hendricksdr. (female)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family
Relation specification married couple with four sons, a daughter and a daughter-in-law
Additional remarks argument for identification of commemorated party: text on the window
Name children of Cornelis Brunt?
Composition of the commissioning party
  • members of a family
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party The commissioning party belonged to the commemorated party and was a spouse and/or relative of the other member(s) of the commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks argument for identification of commissioning party: Cornelis Brunt had already died when the window was made
Material(s)
  • glass
Specification glass; lead
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 880 x 385 x 0
Completeness The upper section of the window - depicting music-making angels - dates from 1639. This section was remade in 18th century.
Condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance The stained-glass window has been in the church of old
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Bijtelaar, B., De geschilderde glazen van de Oude Kerk te Amsterdam, Oud-Holland 71 (1956), 204-211, 204-211
  • Boom, A. van der, Glasschilderkunst Oude kerk (Amsterdam 1948)
  • Dudok van Heel, S.A.C., Een kooplieden-patriciaat kijkt ons aan, of de emancipatie van het Amsterdamse portret tot 1578, in: Kistemaker, R.E.; Jonker, M., De smaak van de elite. Amsterdam in de eeuw van de beeldenstorm (Amsterdam 1986), 19-39, 25
  • Ruyven-Zeman, Z. van, Stained Glass in the Netherlands before 1795. Corpus Vitrearum the Netherlands IV. Part I: The North (Amsterdam 2011), 320-321; no. 7
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Stained-glass panel or window of [922] Dormition of the Virgin with devotional portraits of the Brunt family

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Short description
Short description Dormition of the Virgin with devotional portraits of the Brunt family, inscription, heraldic shields and SS Cornelius and Catherine of Alexandria
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 880 x 385 x 0
Date
Year 1555
Specified date
Argumentation
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification date given in the inscription
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Amsterdam, Oude Kerk
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The window is located in the Mariakapel (chapel of Mary)
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Crabeth, Dirck
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role designer and craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks
Identity
Name Jansz., Pieter
Attribution
  • style
Specification attribution on stylistic grounds
Assignment
Role craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks Responsible for the upper section (1639)
Filiation
Filiation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, first person from the left
Portrait of
Name Gijsbert Brunt
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing clothes of an ecclesiastical office holder
Short description alb
Attributes
Attributes
  • not recognizable
Specification almuce?
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks This son of Cornelis Brunt was a canon
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, second person from the left
Portrait of
Name Reinier Brunt
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black garment
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Son of Cornelis Brunt
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, third person from the left
Portrait of
Name Cornelis Brunt
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu, folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black fur-lined tabard
Attributes
Attributes
  • rosary
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Husband and father(-in-law) of the depicted persons
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, in the foreground, on the left
Portrait of
Name two prematurely deceased sons of the Brunt family
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person deceased
Argumentation
  • remarkably smaller person (compared to the rest)
  • unusual place on the memorial piece
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal folded hands
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description
Attributes
Attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks These sons of Cornelis Brunt had already died when the glass was made
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, first person from the right
Portrait of
Name Lijsbeth Cornelisdr. Brunt
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil and cloak worn over a white cap with lappets
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Daughter of Cornelis Brunt
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, second person from the right
Portrait of
Name Hillegont Hendricksdr.
Sex female
Argumentation
  • based on literature or archival research
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil and cloak worn over a white cap with lappets
Attributes
Attributes
  • no general attributes
Specification
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Daughter-in-law of Cornelis Brunt
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait lower section of the window, third person from the right
Portrait of
Name Trijn, wife of Cornelis Brunt
Sex female
Argumentation
  • not identified
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture kneeling
Manner of portrayal kneeling before a prie-dieu
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing
Short description black veil and cloak worn over a white cap with lappets
Attributes
Attributes
  • text carrier (e.g. books)
Specification open book
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Wife and mother(-in-law) of the depicted persons

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the male portraits
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield In [colour] two [colour] contourny lions - (In [kleur] twee omgewende [kleur] leeuwen)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry above the female portraits
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Semicircular shield
Specification
Description of the shield In [coulour] a [colour] headless lion - (In [kleur] een onthoofde [kleur] leeuw)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Not identified
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription lower section of the window, on a cartouche
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Ad laudem deiparae virginis Mariae Brundtorum Pieter Mies poni me fecit 1555.
Translation
English translation To the praise of the Virgin Mary, mother of God. Pieter Mies of the Brunt family had me placed in 1555.
Dutch translation Tot lof der maagd Maria, moeder Gods. Pieter Mies van de familie Brunt heeft mij laten plaatsen in 1555.
Lay–out
Lay-out
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks It is unclear how the text should be interpreted. Pieter Mies may be a family member of the wife of Cornelis Brunt. Another possibility is that the name is a result of a mis-restoration. According to Van Ruyven-Zeman (2011), it is not the name of an artist who has worked on the glass, as has been claimed in the past.

Saint Portraits

Indication of the part
Indication of the part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the left
Specification of saint
Name Cornelius
Sex male
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification name saint of Cornelis Brunt
Attributes
  • animal(s) (parts/products of, incl. mythical creatures)
  • trappings: clothing/attributes of clergy/monks/nuns (incl. liturgical vestments)
Specification papal tiara; cope; cross staff; horn
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of the part
Indication of the part Stained-glass panel or window
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait First saint from the right
Specification of saint
Name Catherine of Alexandria
Sex female
Type of saint
  • name saint
Specification Name saint of the wife of Cornelis Brunt, Trijn. This name is short for Katrijn or Catharina.
Attributes
  • trappings: clothing/attributes/jewellery (miscellaneous)
  • torture (weapons/instruments of)
Specification broken wheel; sword; crown
Gesture
  • holding one or more attributes in his/her hands
Specification
Posture standing
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2574
Personal details
Name Cornelis Brunt
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1542
Additional remarks Husband of Trijn. Father of at least four sons and one daughter (based on memorial painting).
Social standing
Status citizen of city
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification Amsterdam merchant
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2575
Personal details
Name Reinier Brunt
Sex male
Year/date of birth ca.1490
Year/date of death 1539
Additional remarks Son of Cornelis Brunt and his wife Trijn. Husband of Hillegont Hendricksdr.
Social standing
Status patriciate
Arguments
  • according to literature
Specification lawyer at the Council of Holland, The Hague
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2576
Personal details
Name Hillegont Hendricksdr.
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1573
Additional remarks She originated from Gouda. Wife of Reinier Brunt. Hillegont was buried in the St. Nicolaaskerk/Oude Kerk (St Nicholas's Church/Old Church) in Amsterdam, in the chapel of Mary.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2577
Personal details
Name Gijsbert Brunt
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1556
Additional remarks Son of Cornelis Brunt and his wife Trijn
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification priest and canon at the St. Mariakerk (St Mary's Church) in Utrecht
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 2578
Personal details
Name Lijsbeth Cornelisdr. Brunt
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1573
Additional remarks Daughter of Cornelis Brunt and his wife Trijn. She was buried in the St. Nicolaaskerk/Oude Kerk (St Nicholas's Church/Old Church) in Amsterdam, in the chapel of Mary.
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6836
Personal details
Name two prematurely deceased sons of the Brunt family
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death
Additional remarks Sons of Cornelis Brunt and his wife Trijn
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 6837
Personal details
Name Trijn, wife of Cornelis Brunt
Sex female
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1559
Additional remarks Mother of at least four sons and one daughter (based on memorial painting)
Social standing
Status
Arguments
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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