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Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Marcus van Weze (Wees)

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 93
Name Floor slab of Marcus van Weze (Wees)
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Very large stone slab with a large coat of arms that almost completely fills the surface, a banderole and two snails below, quatrefoils containing heraldic shields in the corners and an inscription along the edge
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Claesz., Lucas
Original institution(s)
Original institution [21] St. Maartenskerk (Domkerk) (St Martin´s Church (Dom Cathedral)), Utrecht
Arguments
  • the memorial object is still in the original institution
Specification The commemorated person was a canon at this church
Still in original institution? yes
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • in the transept
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The slab was originally located in the north transept, in front of a pillar. Van Weze had a sculpture of St Jerome attached to the pillar. In 1922, the slab was transferred to the 'kapel van Van Montfoort' (chapel of Van Montfoort). The slab returned to its original location in the north transept during the most recent restoration of the church (1979-1988). See also 'Additional Remarks'.
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and didactic
Grave findings
Additional remarks Inscription and/or decoration with a didactic statement, usually with references to the mortality of mankind/variations on ‘Remember that you will die’. The slab covers a burial vault in the north transept, which is still fully intact today
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Marci a Weze (Marcus van Weze (Wees))
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [68] Marcus van Weze (Wees) (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons no relation (only one person mentioned/depicted)
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification blue limestone
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 430 x 231 x 0
Completeness Virtually complete
Condition In overall good condition. Some damages to the sides. The slab is only slightly worn since it was covered by a wooden floor in 1586.
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
Specification
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Belonje, J., Steenen charters (Amsterdam 1943); figure 16
  • Borst, P., et al., Graven en begraven in de Dom van Utrecht (Bunnik 1997), 92; no. 36
  • Buchelius, A. , Monumenta passim in templis ac monasteriis Traiectinae urbis atque agri inventa (Utrecht ), 35; fol. 20r
  • Bueren, T. van, Gebeeldhouwde nagedachtenis in de Domstad, in: Leeflang, M.; Schooten, K. van, Middeleeuwse beelden uit Utrecht 1430-1530 (Utrecht/Antwerpen 2012), 30-47, 43-44
  • Groot, A. de, De Dom van Utrecht in de zestiende eeuw. Inrichting, decoratie en gebruik van de katholieke kathedraal (Amsterdam 2011), 125-127, 138, 141, 286, 337, 342, 403; no. 56
  • Haslinghuis, E.J.; Peeters, C.J.A.C., De Nederlandse Monumenten van Geschiedenis en Kunst, dl. II, De provincie Utrecht, Eerste stuk, De gemeente Utrecht, Tweede aflevering, De Dom van Utrecht ('s-Gravenhage 1965), 389; no. 80
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 20
Other documentation
SKKN: inv. no 967-85, photo no. 967-85_1; Het Utrechts Archief cat. no. 82871; RCE: object nos. 83.859 and 216.766, adlib priref 20232536 and 20232567
Additional remarks
Additional remarks During his life, Marcus van Weze made several changes regarding the location of his resting-place. Van Weze initially wanted to be buried in the church of Ravenswaaij (Gelderland), his place of birth. He had a large late Gothic slab placed in the choir of the Ravenswaaij church, which was discovered in situ during restorations in 1980. In 1538, however, Van Weze arranged to be buried in the northern ambulatory of the Utrecht St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St. Martin's Church/Dom Church), near the sacrament house. Two years later, he reserved a grave in the north transept of the same church, near the altar which contained relics of St Martin. Van Weze had a special veneration for this saint. Then, in 1545, he had his gravesite slightly moved in order for the slab to be situated in front of a pillar.

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [93] Floor slab of Marcus van Weze (Wees)

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Very large stone slab with a large coat of arms that almost completely fills the surface, a banderole and two snails below, quatrefoils containing heraldic shields in the corners and an inscription along the edge
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 430 x 231 x 0
Date
Year 1548
Specified date 1548/12/09
Argumentation
  • date of death given on the object
  • date given on the object (not date of death)
Specification see Inscriptions
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Utrecht, Domkerk (St. Maartenskerk)
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution The slab is located in the east side of the north transept
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Claesz., Lucas
Attribution
  • based on historical evidence (in literature)
Specification
Assignment
Role craftsman
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation For the slab in Ravenswaaij see 'Floor slab of Marcus van Weze', MeMO Memorial Object ID 2182
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry almost completely filling the surface
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Quarterly, I, IV: a fess; II, III: three zules, 2-1 (Gevierendeeld, I, IV: een dwarsbalk; II, III: drie zuilen, 2-1)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) Crest: a sitting collared greyhound (helmteken: een zittende gehalsbande windhond)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Weze (Wees)-Van Zuylen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper left corner, inside the quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: three vair pales, in a chief a fleur de lys; II: a fess (Gedeeld, I: drie palen van vair, in een schildhoofd een lelie (Beesde); II: een dwarsbalk (Weze))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Beesde-Van Weze (Wees)
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower left corner, inside the quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: three chess rooks, 2-1; II: on a fess two ram's heads (Gedeeld, I: drie bemmels, 2-1 (Bemmel); II:: een dwarsbalk beladen met twee ramskoppen (Delen))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Bemmel-Van Delen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry upper right corner, inside the quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: quarterly, 1, 4: three zules, 2-1; 2, 3: a lion; II: three zules, 2-1 (Gedeeld, I: gevierendeeld, 1, 4: drie zuilen, 2-1; 2, 3: een leeuw (Cuylenburch); II: drie zuilen, 2-1 (Zuylen))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Cuylenburch-Van Zuylen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry lower right corner, inside the quatrefoil
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Marshalled arms (2 coats of arms in one shield per pale or per fess)
Specification
Shape of the shield Early renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield Per pale, I: three flowers (?), 2-1, a chief; II: three zules, 2-1 (Gedeeld, I: drie (mispel?)bloemen, 2-1, en een schildhoofd (Grauwert); II: drie zuilen, 2-1 (Zuylen))
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Grauwert-Van Zuylen
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along the edge
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Sepulchrum venerabilis et eximii domini Marci a Weze, canonici Traiectensis, Elstensis ac Culemborgensis ecclesiarum praepositi, qui obiit anno XVc XLVIII IX Decembris.
Translation
English translation Grave of the venerable and excellent sir Marcus van Weze, canon of the Utrecht Dom Church, provost of the churches of Elst and Culemborg, who died in the year 1548 on December 9.
Dutch translation Graf van de eerwaarde en uitmuntende heer Marcus van Weze, kanunnik van de Utrechtse Domkerk, proost van de kerken van Elst en Culemborg, die stierf in het jaar 1548 op 9 december.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [68] Marcus van Weze (Wees) (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription on banderole (lower section of the slab)
Language(s)
Languages
  • Latin
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Tempera te tempori, anno 1548.
Translation
English translation Adapt yourself to the time, in the year 1548.
Dutch translation Voeg u naar de tijd, in het jaar 1548.
Lay–out
Lay-out Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • animals (pets/other)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) two snails (lower section of the slab)
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 68
Personal details
Name Marcus van Weze (Wees)
Sex male
Year/date of birth
Year/date of death 1548/12/09
Additional remarks Marcus van Weze was born in Ravenswaaij in the Betuwe and belonged to the aristocracy of Guelders. In 1519, he visited the grave of St Martin of Tours as a representative of the chapter of the Utrecht Domkerk. Van Weze owned a large house at the Janskerkhof in Utrecht. When Charles V visited Utrecht in 1540, his sister Mary of Hungary stayed at the house of Van Weze.
Social standing
Status secular clergy
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • according to literature
Specification
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy canon
Specification canon at the St. Maartenskerk/Domkerk (St Martin’s Church/Dom Church) in Utrecht from 9 February 1507; provost of Elst (Guelders) from 30 April 1523; provost of Culemborg
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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