Medieval Memoria Online

Description - Memorial Object

Floor slab of Wytze van Cammingha and family

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MeMO memorial object ID and name
MeMO memorial object ID 99
Name Floor slab of Wytze van Cammingha and family
Holding institution(s)
Holding institution(s)
  • Ballum, Cemetery, in the bier house
Category
Type Tomb monument, tomb slab or floor slab (physical object)
Classification Tomb slab or floor slab
Short description Stone slab with the effigy of a knight holding a (heraldic) shield, standing inside a Renaissance niche showing Virtues, allied arms and decorations above, two text fields below, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with allied arms in the corners
Remarks about category
General date
General date 1525-1575
Artist(s)
Artist(s)
  • Vincent Lucas
Original institution(s)
Original institution [848] Kapel van Jelmera State (Chapel of Jelmera Castle), Ballum
Arguments
  • based on research (literature, archival or archaeological research)
Specification The chapel was located in a cemetery east of Jelmera Castle, the residence of the Van Cammingha family
Still in original institution? no
Location inside the institution
In situ? yes
(Probable) original location
  • near the high altar
  • in a chapel
Argumentation
Related memorial objects in the same institution
Additional remarks (original location)
Additional remarks The chapel no longer exists: it was demolished in 1838. The slab however remained in the cemetery after the demolition and still covers the burial vault of the Van Cammingha family (which contains eleven skulls).
Memorial piece
Function
Specification
Additional remarks
Memorial monument or floor slab
Function liturgical/religious and social
Grave findings
Additional remarks Commemorated on the object are a married couple, (members of) a nuclear family or (members of) an extended family
Original function
Change in function
Remarks about function
Name Wytze van Cammingha and family
Specification
Members of the commemorated party
Commemorated person(s)
  • [278] Franske van Minnema (female)
  • [86] Wytzo (Wytze) van Cammingha (male)
  • [279] Pieter van Cammingha (male)
  • [277] Hayo van Cammingha (male)
Commemorated institution(s)
Relation between commemorated persons extended family (of which one or more members died after 1580)
Relation specification two brothers (Wytze and Hayo), their nephew (Pieter) and his wife (Franske)
Additional remarks Inscriptions added for three descendants who died in the seventeenth century
Name
Composition of the commissioning party
Specification
Members of the commissioning party
Commissioning person(s)
Commissioning Institution(s)
Relation between commissioning party and commemorated party
Relation specification
Additional remarks
Material(s)
  • stone
Specification
Traces of polychromy?
Reuse of older objects
Dimensions (cm)
Height x width x depth 380 x 230 x 12
Completeness A small part of the top right corner is missing
Condition Good condition
Conservation
Technical research
Specification (technical research)
Alterations
Alterations
  • inscription(s) added
Specification Inscriptions in italics added to the bottom of the slab (rectangular text field), commemorating members of the Van Cammingha family who died in the first half of the 17th century: Pieter van Cammingha (d. 1638), Sjouck van Ockinga (d. 1638) and Wytze van Cammingha (d. 1641)
Additional remarks
Provenance
Provenance
Marks of ownership
Type(s) of mark(s) of ownership
Specification
  • Belonje, J., Steenen charters (Amsterdam 1943), 74, 77, 93, 21
  • Leeman, Fred; Vos, Rik, Het nieuwe ornament ('s Gravenhage 1986), 135
  • Ligtenberg, Raphael, Grafzerken der XVIe eeuw in Friesland ( 1915), 13
  • Walle, Hessel de, Friezen uit vroeger eeuwen; Opschriften uit Friesland, 1280-1811 (Franeker 2007), 42
  • Wierstra, Simon, Genealogische bestanden van de oude Friese adel en aanverwante families tot 1800, http://www.simonwierstra.nl/index6.htm
Other documentation
Additional remarks
Additional remarks The Fries Museum in Leeuwarden is in possession of a drawing of the slab

Tomb or floor slab (front) of [99] Floor slab of Wytze van Cammingha and family

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Short description
Short description Stone slab with the effigy of a knight holding a (heraldic) shield, standing inside a Renaissance niche showing Virtues, allied arms and decorations above, two text fields below, an inscription along the edge, and roundels with allied arms in the corners
Dimensions (cm)
Height x Width x Depth 380 x 230 x 0
Date
Year 1555
Specified date
Argumentation
  • based on stylistic research
  • signature on the object
Specification A study of the artist's career suggests that the slab must have been made about 1555
Additional remarks
Holding institution
Holding institution Ballum, Cemetery, in the bier house
Collection
Collection identifier
Online description link
Alternative or previous collections
Alternative of previous identifiers
Accessibility
Remarks about holding institution After the demolition of the chapel in 1838, a bier house ('baarhuisje' in Dutch) was built in the cemetery in order to protect the slab
Contract
Contract
Artist(s)
Identity
Name Vincent Lucas
Attribution
  • signature
Specification At the top of the slab: 'Vincent Lucas'
Assignment
Role
Specification
Additional remarks
Filiation
Filiation Franske van Minnema may be portrayed in 'Holy Family with devotional portraits of the Minnema-Jongama family', MeMO Memorial Object ID 512, which shows Franske's parents and their four daughters
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Portraits

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the portrait
Place of the portrait in the centre of the slab
Portrait of
Name Wytzo (Wytze) van Cammingha
Sex male
Argumentation
  • based on text(s) on the memorial object
Specification
Portrait — portraiture
Physical state of the portrayed person alive
Argumentation
Specification
Posture standing
Manner of portrayal standing inside a Renaissance niche
Portrait — clothing, attributes and insignia
Clothing
Type of clothing aristocratic/noble attire
Short description a suit of armour; chain mail; a cape; a helmet
Attributes
Attributes
  • shield
  • sword
Specification a (heraldic) shield in his left hand; a halberd in his right hand; a sword behind his back
Insignia
Insignia
Specification
Remarks about clothing
Additional remarks Wytze van Cammingha is depicted as a knight. A piece of drapery is held up behind him.

Heraldry

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the central field, held by the knight
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Personal use of family arms (one undivided shield)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield bendy (geschuinbalkt)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
  • Other (guige or band, tree, branch)
Specification Hanging from a guige held by the knight
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Jelmera
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Doedt (Dodonea) van Dokema, widow of Sicke (Sicco) van Cammingha, remarried Haye (Hajo) van Jelmera in 1458. The children from this marriage took on the name Van Cammingha. Jelmera Castle was the residence of the Van Cammingha family.
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry at the top of the slab, above the knight, on the left
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Late renaissance shield
Specification
Description of the shield quarterly, I and IV: a double toothed comb; II and III: a fleur-de-lis; inescutcheon: a star (gevierendeeld, I en IV: een kam met twee rijen tanden; II en III: een lelie; hartschild: een ster)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling) crest: an issuant stag (helmteken: een uitkomend hert)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Cammingha
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Wytze's father
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry at the top of the slab, above the knight, on the right
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield Lozenge shield
Specification
Description of the shield a double headed eagle on a crescent (een dubbelkoppige adelaar op een wassenaar)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to Van Eminga
Person details
Person details
Additional remarks
Additional remarks Heraldry of Wytze's mother
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper left corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield worn away or blank (weggesleten of leeg)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower left corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification left shield: late renaissance shield; right shield: lozenge
Description of the shield worn away (weggesleten)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the upper right corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield worn away or blank (weggesleten of leeg)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of heraldry
Place of heraldry in the lower right corner, inside a roundel
Specification of heraldry
Type of heraldry Allied arms (2 coats of arms in 2 shields, respecting each other)
Specification
Shape of the shield
Specification
Description of the shield worn away or blank (weggesleten of leeg)
Description of the upper arms (helmet, crest and mantling)
Remarks
Additional parts of the achievement
Type of supporter
Specification
Motto
English translation of the motto
Insignia or attributes
Heraldry belonging to
Heraldry belonging to
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Inscriptions

Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription in a text field immediately below the effigy
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Anno 1556 den 19 decembris sterf den eedelen, eerentvhesten ende welgeboren heer, heer Hayo van Cammingha, heer van Amelandt. Anno 1575 den 29 octobris sterf den eedelen, eerentvhesten ende welgeboren heer, heer Pieter van Cammingha, heer van Amelandt. Anno 1574 den 15 octobris sterf de eedele, eerbare juffrou Franske van Minnema, vrou van Amlant, d huisfrou van Pieter Cammingha voorscreven.
Translation
English translation In the year 1556 the 19th December died the noble, honourable and well-born lord, lord Hayo van Cammingha, Lord of Ameland. In the year 1575 the 29th October died the noble, honourable and well-born lord, lord Pieter van Cammingha, Lord of Ameland. In the year 1574 the 15th October died the noble, honourable mistress Franske van Minnema, Lady of Ameland, the wife of the aforementioned Pieter van Cammingha.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [279] Pieter van Cammingha (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [278] Franske van Minnema (female)
Sex female
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Name [279] Pieter van Cammingha (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is used as a reference
Name [277] Hayo van Cammingha (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Indication of part
Indication of part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Place of the inscription
Place of the inscription along all four edges of the slab
Language(s)
Languages
  • Dutch
Language specification
Transcription
Transcription Int jaer ons heren MVc LIJ den X octobris sterf den eedelen ende eerentvhesten welgheboren heer, heer Wytzo van Cammigha, heer van Amelandt, ende is hier onder begraven.
Translation
English translation In the year of our Lord 1552 the 10th October died the noble and honourable well-born lord, lord Wytze van Cammingha, Lord of Ameland, and is buried here beneath.
Dutch translation
Lay–out
Lay-out Raised Roman majuscules
Inscription mentioning
Name [86] Wytzo (Wytze) van Cammingha (male)
Sex male
Argumentation the person is being commemorated
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Decorations

Indication of part
Indication of the part Tomb or floor slab (front)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
Type(s) of decoration(s)
  • mythical figures and/or creatures
  • animals (heraldic beasts)
  • flowers/plants
  • draperies
  • fruit
  • architectural decorations
  • mask(s)
  • allegorical figures
  • human figures (incl. skeletons and skulls)
Description of the decoration(s)
Description of the decoration(s) A Renaissance niche with grotesque decorations in horizontal registers: herms, satyrs, foliage, fruit, strapwork, animals, ribbons, masks, draperies etc.
Depicted allegories
Depicted allegories The effigy is flanked by two female personifications, probably Memoria and Gloria
Additional remarks
Additional remarks

Person Description

Personal identification number
Personal identification number 86
Personal details
Name Wytzo (Wytze) van Cammingha
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1492
Year/date of death 1552/10/10
Additional remarks Son of Pieter van Cammingha and Fouweltje van Eminga. Brother of Hayo. Wytze remained unmarried.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
  • clothing of the portrayed person
Specification Wytze was Lord of Ameland
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 277
Personal details
Name Hayo van Cammingha
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1503
Year/date of death 1556/12/19
Additional remarks Son of Pieter van Cammingha and Fouweltje van Eminga. Brother of Wytze. Hayo was married to Catharina van Roorda and lived in the 'Amelandshuis' in Leeuwarden. He was murdered by Feye Houwerda van Meckema, in Leeuwarden.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
Specification Hayo became Lord of Ameland after the death of his brother Wytze
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 278
Personal details
Name Franske van Minnema
Sex female
Year/date of birth 1534
Year/date of death 1574/10/15
Additional remarks Daughter of Frans van Minnema and Wyts Juwinga (Jongama). Franske was married to Pieter van Cammingha.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
  • mentioned in the inscription
Specification Lady of Ameland
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
Personal identification number
Personal identification number 279
Personal details
Name Pieter van Cammingha
Sex male
Year/date of birth 1531/07/16
Year/date of death 1575/10/29
Additional remarks Son of Catharina Gerroltsdr Herema and Sicke van Cammingha, the latter being a brother of Hayo and Wytze. Pieter was married to Franske van Minnema.
Social standing
Status nobility
Arguments
Specification Pieter became Lord of Ameland after the death of his uncle Hayo van Cammingha
Member of a convent
Religious order
Specification
Member of secular clergy
Type of secular clergy
Specification
Additional remarks
Additional remarks
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